Realism is a motion in art, which began in the mid 19th century in France, and later spread to the whole international. Realism entered literature at almost at the equal time. Its actual objective turned into to root out what is called excellent and romantic in literature and art, to insert what is actual.
In literature, writers use realism as a literary approach to explain story factors, together with putting, characters, themes, etc., without the usage of complex imagery, or figurative language, which include similes and metaphors. Through realism, writers give an explanation for things with out decorative language or sugar-coating the events. Realism is some thing opposite to romanticism and idealism. Read directly to learn extra approximately realism in literature.
Examples of Realism in Literature
Example #1: The Cherry Orchard (with the aid of Anton Chekhov )
VARYA. There’s been an unpleasantness here at the same time as you had been away. In the antique servants’ a part of the house, as you know, most effective the antique people live – little vintage Efim and Polya and Evstigney, and Karp as well … Then I heard that they had been saying that I had ordered them to be fed on peas and not anything else; from meanness, you see. … So I name Evstigney. … [Yawns] He comes. “What’s this,” I say, “Evstigney, you old fool.”… [Looks at ANYA] Anya dear! [Pause] … My darling’s gone to sleep!”
This monologue looks like a rambling and an idle complaint. However, it reveals many things about Anya, Varya, and their situation at home. It offers a really perfect example of social realism, as it exemplifies antique feudal order slowly giving manner to a rapidly developing mercantile and capitalistic center class.
Example #2: The Rape of the Lock (by means of Alexander Pope)
“The Rape of the Lock” displays cultural and social realism of the aristocratic society throughout the eighteenth century. The people of that aristocratic society have been particularly urban, with glide of money gained from commerce and trade. They spent a first rate deal of time in lower back biting, idle gossip, love games, and gambling card games.
Pope has presented info of day by day recurring of such gentle males and females in an amusing manner. Belinda and Lord Peter are representatives of that society. Pope describes Belinda’s instruction in the front of a dressing desk in an a laugh and ironic way. Many human beings recollect her dressing table a sacred vicinity of worship. He gives minute details of how ladies are worried to decorate their splendor through artificial methods.
Example #3: Adam Bede (through George Eliot)
“Adam Bede” is one in all the fine examples of Victorian literature that aims to highlight social realism. Victorian society became inflexible and bothered with prejudices and bigotry towards women. This realism includes the elements of realistic presentation – highlighting the poor humans, and reflecting on their problems by using setting them in the rural background, and supplying their spiritual and the moral sense.
Social gap turned into another issue in that society. As in the novel, the remnants of feudalism had been nevertheless alive in Hayslope society. Hetty belonged to the running elegance and become madly in love with Arthur Donnithorne, who belonged to a feudal elegance. This held a certain allure for the people of the working magnificence. She wanted to marry him, to be the wife of an honorable feudal man. However, her fantasy became destroyed, as it result in a sad end. This left a deep mark at the psyche of Hayslope inhabitants. Hetty’s personal accident shows the harsh truth of a society that faces two unequal and distinct classes, as they are attempting to unite because of emotions rather than reason.
Example #4: The Crucible (by using Arthur Miller)
In his play, “The Crucible,” Arthur Miller gives realism, which is primarily based on making his individual appearing practical figures. Miller has created a sequence of events to demonstrate iconic realism by using using characterization, language, and dialogue. He has selected a story of human interaction to describe his very own subject for the cultural future of the United States, and humanity at large.
It is real that the witch trials in Salem absolutely happened, and people consisting of Rebecca and John Proctor had been killed. The murders of those innocent humans have a powerful impact on readers, not because of the author’s style, but because of the horrifying problem matter. Miller’s use of language is likewise very powerful, in particular in which the judges and the accusers twisted ideas and phrases to create contrasts and paradoxes from which the accused couldn't escape. This turned into the truth of life at that time.
Realism tries to illustrate lifestyles with out romantic subjectivity and idealization. It specializes in the actualities of lifestyles, and actual treats the commonplace characters of normal existence. The cause of the usage of realism is to emphasize the fact and morality that is generally relativistic and intrinsic for the human beings in addition to the society. This sort of realism makes the readers face reality as it happens in the world, rather than inside the make-believe world of fantasy.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw