Derived from a Greek word, Logos means “good judgment.” Logos is a literary device that may be defined as a statement, sentence, or argument used to convince or convince the focused audience by way of employing cause or logic. In everyday life, arguments rely on pathos and ethos except logos. Let’s test logos examples in literature and debates.
Classification of Logos
Before you study what emblems is, you ought to first understand its categories as given below:
Inductive reasoning – Inductive reasoning entails a bit of precise representative evidence or the case which is drawn towards a end or generalization. However, inductive reasoning requires dependable and convincing proof that is provided to aid the point.
Deductive reasoning – Deductive reasoning involves generalization at the initial stage and then moves on toward the specific case. The starting generalization must be based totally on dependable evidence to help it at the end.
In some cases, both of these strategies are used to persuade the audience.
Examples of Logos in Literature
Example #1: Political Ideals (By Bertrand Russell)
“The wage gadget has made people believe that what a man wishes is work.
This, of course, is absurd. What he needs is the goods produced by way of
work, and the less work worried in making a given quantity of goods,
the higher … But due to our economic machine …in which a better gadget would
produce simplest an increase of wages or a diminution inside the hours of work
without any corresponding diminution of wages.”
In this paragraph, Russell is imparting arguments for the unjust distribution of wealth and its consequences. He solutions through common sense and states that a cause for this injustice is because of evils in institutions. He deduces that capitalism and the wage device need to be abolished to improve the economic gadget.
Example #2: The Art of Rhetoric (By Aristotle)
“All guys are mortal.
Socrates is a man.
Therefore, Socrates is mortal.”
Aristotle is the use of syllogistic arguments here, where a number of the arguments or assertions continue to be unstated. Since Socrates is a man; therefore, he's mortal; all guys are mortal so. Eventually, they may die. This is the logic offered here.
Example #3: Of Studies (By Francis Beaverbrook)
“Reading maketh a full man; convention a ready man; and writing an actual man.”
This instance is exact, precise, and compact with arguments, as well as a deduction or conclusion. At first, 1st Baron Beaverbrook points out what reading, convention (discussion), and writing are, simultaneously giving the common sense and reasoning to read, write, or convention.
Example #4: Of Studies (By Francis Bacon)
“Crafty men condemn studies, easy men admire them, and wise men use them; for they educate not their very own use; but that is wisdom without them, and above them, won by means of observation.”
This is also a great instance of trademarks. Here, Francis Bacon discusses the problem of theories as opposed to skills. There comes a conflict among reading and not studying. He argues that a reader is better than those who cling to what they already know. He uses the logic that reading is important because it improves skills.
Example #5: Othello (By William Shakespeare)
“Oh, beware, my lord, of jealousy!
It is the green-eyed monster which doth mock
The meat it feeds on …
Who, sure of his fate, loves not his wronger,
But, oh, what damnèd minutes tells he o’er
Who dotes, yet doubts — suspects, but soundly loves …
She did mislead her father, marrying you …
She cherished them most …
I humbly do beseech you of your pardon
For an excessive amount of loving you …”
In this excerpt, Iago convinces Othello with logic and reasoning and makes him doubtful that there's a secret relationship among Desdemona and Cassio.
Logos Meaning and Function
Logos is used when citing facts, in addition to statistical, literal, and historical analogies. It is some thing thru which inner mind are supplied logically, to influence the audience. In society, rationality and good judgment are significantly valued, and this kind of convincing approach is generally venerated more than appeals made through a speaker or individual to the audience. On the alternative hand, clinical reasoning and formal good judgment are perhaps no longer appropriate for preferred audiences, as they're extra suitable for clinical professionals handiest.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw