Comparison is a rhetorical or literary tool wherein a author compares or contrasts two humans, places, things, or ideas. In our ordinary existence, we compare people and matters to express ourselves vividly. So while we say, someone is “as lazy as a snail,” you examine exclusive entities to show similarity i.E. someone’s laziness to the sluggish tempo of a snail.
Comparisons occur in literary works frequently. Writers and poets use contrast as a way to hyperlink their emotions approximately a component to something readers can apprehend. There are numerous gadgets in literature that examine two different matters to reveal the similarity between them, together with simile, metaphor, and analogy.
Examples of Comparison in Literature
In the following comparison examples, we are able to try to analyze literary gadgets used to expose comparisons.
A metaphor makes a hidden assessment between two matters or items which can be distinct to every other, however have a few characteristics commonplace between them. Unlike simile, we do not use “like” or “as” to broaden a contrast in a metaphor. Consider the subsequent examples:
Example #1: When I Have Fears (By John Keats)
These strains are from When I Have Fears, by using John Keats.
“Before high-pil’d books, in charact’ry
Hold like rich garners the full-ripened grain,”
John Keats compares writing poetry with reaping and sowing, and each those acts stand for the insignificance of a lifestyles and dissatisfied creativity.
Example #2: As You Like It (By William Shakespeare)
This line is from As You Like It, by using William Shakespeare.
“All the global’s a level and ladies and men simply players…”
Shakespeare uses a metaphor of a level to describe the international, and compares males and females living inside the global with players (actors).
A simile is an open contrast among things or items to show similarities between them. Unlike a metaphor, a simile draws resemblance with the assist of words “like” or “as.”
Example #3: Lolita (By Vladimir Nabokov)
This line is from the quick story Lolita, by Vladimir Nabokov.
“Elderly American ladies leaning on their canes listed towards me like towers of Pisa.”
In this line, Vladimir Nabokov compares old ladies leaning on their sticks to the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Here the contrast made between two contrasting things creates a hilarious effect.
An analogy goals at explaining an unusual idea or thing, by means of evaluating it to something this is acquainted.
Example #4: The Noiseless Patient Spider (By Walt Whitman)
These traces are from Walt Whitman’s poem The Noiseless Patient Spider“:
“And you O my soul wherein you stand,
Surrounded, detached, in measureless oceans of space,
Ceaselessly musing, venturing, throwing, searching for the spheres to connect them,
Till the bridge you will want be form’d, until the ductile anchor hold,
Till the gossamer thread you fling seize somewhere, O my soul.”
Walt Whitman uses an analogy to expose similarity between a spider spinning a web and his soul.
Example #5: Night Clouds (By Amy Lowell)
These strains are from Night Clouds, written by Amy Lowell:
“The white mares of the moon rush alongside the sky
Beating their golden hoofs upon the glass Heavens.”
Amy constructs an analogy between clouds and mares. She compares the motion of the white clouds inside the sky at night with the motion of white mares at the ground.
An allegory makes use of symbols to evaluate folks or matters, to represent abstract thoughts or events. The evaluation in allegory is implicit.
Example #6: Animal Farm (By George Orwell)
Animal Farm, written by way of George Orwell, is an allegory that compares animals on a farm to the Communist Revolution in Russia earlier than WW II. The actions of the animals on the farm can be as compared with the greed and corruption after the revolution. The animals on the farm represent different sections of Russian society after the revolution.
For instance, “Pigs” can be as compared to people who became the authority after the revolution;”Mr. Jones,” the owner of the farm, is likened to the overthrown Tsar Nicholas II; and “Boxer,” the horse, stands for the laborer class.
Example #7: Faerie Queen (By Edmund Spenser)
Faerie Queen is an allegory with the aid of Edmund Spenser, in which the coolest characters of the book can be in comparison to the various virtues, even as the horrific characters can be in comparison to vices. For example, “The Red-Cross Knight” represents Holiness, and “Lady Una” Truth, Wisdom, and Goodness. Her mother and father signify the Human Race, and the “Dragon,” which has imprisoned them, stands for Evil.
Function of Comparison
The above examples of contrast help us recognise that, in general, writers utilize different sorts of assessment to hyperlink an strange or a new idea to not unusual and familiar items. It helps readers to realise a new concept, which might also have been tough for them to understand otherwise. The expertise of a new idea turns out to be less complicated when viewed with a contrast to something this is familiar to them.
In addition, by means of making use of numerous literary equipment for assessment, writers boom their chances of catching the attention and hobby in their readers, as comparisons help them perceive what they're analyzing to their lives.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw