Repetition is a literary tool that repeats the same words or terms a few instances to make an concept clearer and extra memorable. There are several forms of repetition normally used in each prose and poetry.
As a rhetorical device, it could be a word, a word, or a complete sentence, or a poetical line repeated to emphasise its significance in the entire text. Repetition isn't always prominent totally as a discern of speech, however extra as a rhetorical tool.
Types of Repetition
The following examples of repetition are classified in step with the different forms of repetition used, both in literature and in every day conversations.
Anadiplosis: Repetition of the ultimate phrase in a line or clause.
Anaphora: Repetition of phrases at the start of clauses or verses.
Antistasis: Repetition of phrases or phrases in contrary sense.
Diacope: Repetition of words damaged by using a few other words.
Epanalepsis: Repetition of the identical phrases at the beginning and the stop of a sentence.
Epimone: Repetition of a word (normally a question) to strain a point.
Epiphora: Repetition of the equal phrase at the quit of every clause.
Gradatio: A creation in poetry wherein the closing phrase of one clause becomes the first of the next, and so on.
Negative-Positive Restatement: Repetition of an idea first in bad terms, after which in tremendous terms.
Polyptoton: Repetition of phrases of the same root, with special endings.
Symploce: A combination of anaphora and epiphora, in which repetition is each at the stop and at the start.
Short Examples of Repetition in Poetry
If you think you could do it, you could do it.
The boy turned into an amazing footballer, due to the fact his father was a footballer, and his grandfather turned into a footballer.
The bird said, “I don’t sing due to the fact I am happy, I am happy because I sing.”
The politician declared, “We will combat come what may also, we are able to fight on all fronts, we will fight for a thousand years.”
The choose commanded, stamping his mallet on the table, “Order in the court, order in the court.”
The refugees have been crossing into the neighboring country when they noticed blood all around — blood at the passageways, blood on the fields, blood on the
When they came out of the cinema hall they all agreed, the movie changed into a waste of money, it changed into a waste of time and energy.
The boy became terrified while he changed into taken to the hospital; he shuddered as a minimum sound, and he shuddered as a minimum breath of air into the room.
The president stated, “Work, work, and work,” are the keys to success.
The orator stated, “Good morning to the old, precise morning to the young, right morning to every and each one present.”
The crew captain reiterated his clear up to win the match, win the tournament, and win the hearts of his people.
The general said to his army, “Men — You must combat for the life of your people, your family, and your united states of america.”
The boss repeated his routine advice, “Don’t come late, don’t leave early, and don’t postpone your work.”
The students chanted to raise the spirits of their crew in the course of the match, “We will win, we will win.”
The new boss says that, in this organization, the wrong man or woman turned into appointed for the incorrect job, following the incorrect procedure, however this could no longer occur again.
Examples of Repetition in Literature
Example #1: One Art (By Elizabeth Bishop)
“The artwork of losing isn’t hard to master;
so many things appear full of the intent
to be lost that their loss isn't any disaster…
Lose something every day. Accept the fluster
of lost door keys, the hour badly spent.
The artwork of dropping isn’t difficult to master
though it may look like (Write it!) like disaster.”
In this example, the poet has time and again used the refraining line “The art of losing isn’t hard to master” for the duration of the poem. This refraining line creates rhythm, and emphasizes the idea. Notice that this line, however, varies slightly within the final stanza, but is still taken into consideration to be a chorus.
Example #2: Annabel Lee (By Edgar Allan Poe)
“It changed into many and many a 12 months ago,
In a kingdom by means of the sea,
That a maiden there lived whom you could know …
I became a child and she became a child,
In this kingdom by way of the sea,
But we cherished with a love that became extra than love —
I and my Annabel Lee …”
The poet is the usage of the refraining line “In a kingdom via the sea.” This appears within the 2d line of each stanza, and recurs in the final line of the 0.33 stanza, drawing readers’ attention, and contributing to its meter and rhythm.
Example #3: Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night (By Dylan Thomas)
“Do now not go gentle into that correct night time,
Old age should burn and rave at near of day;
Rage, rage towards the demise of the light…
And you, my father, there at the unhappy height,
Curse, bless, me now along with your fierce tears, I pray.
Do not go gentle into that proper night.
Rage, rage in opposition to the loss of life of the light.”
This may be very a famous poem the use of repetitions of the chorus, “Do now not go mild into that excellent night,” and “Rage, rage towards the demise of the light.” These refrains make the poem catchy and smooth to remember.
Example #4: Stopping by Woods On a Snowy Evening (By Robert Frost)
“The woods are lovely, dark, and deep,
But I actually have promises to keep,
And miles to go earlier than I sleep,
And miles to go before I sleep.”
Frost has used a repeated refrain in best the last stanza, as he utters, “And miles to go earlier than I sleep.” It offers rhythm to the poem, and lays emphasis on this concept of doing many things earlier than death.
Example #5: Excelsior (By Henry Wadsworth Longfellow)
“The sun shades of night time have been falling fast…
A banner with the strange tool,
There in the twilight cold and gray,
Lifeless, but lovely, he lay…
A voice fell like a falling star,
The poet makes use of chorus “Excelsior!” throughout the whole poem, creating rhythm and drawing the eye of readers.
Example #6: The Properly Scholarly Attitude (By Adelaide Crapsey)
“The poet pursues his stunning subject;
The preacher his golden beatitude …
Of the nicely scholarly attitude—
The enormously desirable, the very advisable,
The hardly ever acquirable, nicely scholarly attitude.”
In this poem, Crapsey makes use of the chorus, “properly scholarly attitude” to highlight the topic of being a poet having proper scholarly attitude.
Example #7: O Captain! My Captain! (By Walt Whitman)
“O Captain! My Captain! rise up and pay attention the bells;
Rise up — for you the flag is flung — for you the bugle trills…”
The poet makes use of chorus in the course of this poem to emphasise the mournful subject matter. See the repetition of the phrases “captain,” “upward thrust up,” and “for you” in just these two lines. This topic continues in the course of.
Example #8: 1940 Speech to House of Commons (By Winston Churchill)
“We shall no longer flag or fail. We shall go directly to the cease. We shall combat in France, we shall combat on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing self assurance and growing energy in the air, we shall guard our island, some thing the price may also be, we shall fight at the beaches, we shall combat on the landing grounds, we shall combat inside the fields and in the streets, we shall fight inside the hills. We shall in no way surrender.”
This is a lovely instance of repetition in prose, in which the speaker has repeated “we shall,” and “we shall combat” several times.
Example #9: I Have a Dream speech (By Martin Luther King, Jr.)
“I even have a dream that one day down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification – one day proper there in Alabama little black boys and black ladies might be able to join palms with little white boys and white women as sisters and brothers.
I have a dream today.
I actually have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted and each hill and mountain shall be made low, the tough places might be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the honour of the Lord will be found out and all flesh shall see it together.”
In this famous speech with the aid of American civil rights chief Martin Luther King, Jr., he repeats the phrase “I even have a dream” some of times. This makes the speech very effective and memorable.
Function of Repetition
Refrain is only a poetic tool, and the most vital feature that a refrain can also serve in poetry is to put emphasis and create rhythm. When a line or word recurs in a poem, or a chunk of literature, it will become substantial to the readers. By the use of refrain, poets can make their thoughts memorable, and draw the attention of readers towards a certain idea. This is done with the aid of the use of a unmarried line recurrently all through a poetic work, permitting readers to take a pause each time they stumble upon such repetition.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw