Synecdoche Definition
Synecdoche is a literary device in which part of something represents the entire, or it could use an entire to symbolize a part. Synecdoche might also use larger agencies to consult smaller organizations, or vice versa. It can also name a component by using the call of the material it's far made of, or it can consult with a element in a field or packaging through the name of that container or packing.

Difference Between Synecdoche and Metonymy
Synecdoche examples are frequently misidentified as metonymy (every other literary tool). While they resemble each other to a few extent, they are not the same. Synecdoche refers to the entire of a thing with the aid of the name of any person of its parts. For example, calling a car “wheels” is a synecdoche because part of the car, its “wheels,” stands for the entire car. However, in metonymy, the phrase used to explain a aspect is closely linked to that particular factor, but isn't always necessarily part of it. For example, the usage of the phrase “crown” to consult strength or authority is a metonymy, used to replace the phrase “king” or “queen.”

Synecdoche Examples from Everyday Life
It is very commonplace to consult a component through the call of its parts. Let us appearance at some of the examples of synecdoche that we often pay attention in informal conversations:

The word “bread” refers to food or money, as in “Writing is my bread and butter,” or “He is the sole breadwinner.”
The phrase “grey beard” refers to an antique man.
The phrase “sails” refers to an entire ship.
The word “suit” refers to a businessman.
The phrase “boots” usually refers to squaddies.
The term “coke” is a common synecdoche for all carbonated drinks.
“Pentagon” is a synecdoche whilst it refers to 3 choice makers.
The word “glasses” refers to spectacles.
Examples of Synecdoche in Literature
Example #1: The Rime of the Ancient Mariner (By Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
“The western wave was all a-flame.
The day turned into well changed into nigh done!
Almost upon the western wave
Rested the broad vibrant Sun”

The “western wave” is a synecdoche, as it refers to the sea by way of the call of one of its parts, a wave.

Example #2: Sonnet 116 (By William Shakespeare)
“O no! It is an ever-constant mark
That looks on tempests and is by no means shaken.”

The phrase “ever-fixed mark” refers to a lighthouse.

Example #3: Ozymandias (By Percy Bysshe Shelly)
“Tell that its sculptor nicely those passions read
Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things,
The hand that mocked them.”

“The hand” in those lines refers to the sculptor, who carved the “lifeless matters” right into a grand statue.

Example #4: The Secret Sharer (By Joseph Conrad)
“At nighttime I went on deck, and to my mate’s tremendous wonder placed the ship spherical on the alternative tack. His horrible whiskers flitted spherical me in silent criticism.”

The phrase “whiskers” mentioned in the above lines refers to the entire face of the narrator’s mate.

Example #5: The Description of the Morning (By Jonathan Swift)
“Prepar’d to scrub the entry and the stairs.
The youngsters with broomy stumps began to trace.”

In the above lines, the phrase “broomy stumps” refers back to the complete broom.

Example #6: The Lady or the Tiger? (By Frank R. Stockton)
“His eye met hers as she sat there paler and whiter than every body inside the sizeable ocean of hectic faces about her.”

“Faces” refers to people, no longer just their faces.

Function of Synecdoche
Literary symbolism is developed by means of the writers who hire synecdoche of their literary works. By using synecdoche, writers supply otherwise commonplace ideas and objects deeper meanings, and as a consequence draw readers’ attention.

Furthermore, using synecdoche enables writers to acquire brevity. For instance, saying “The squaddies were prepared with steel” is extra concise than saying “The infantrymen were ready with swords, knives, daggers, and arrows.”

Like some other literary device, synecdoche while used as it should be adds a distinct color to words, making them seem vivid. To insert this “life” thing to literary works, writers describe simple normal matters creatively with the aid of this literary device.
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