Hyperbaton has been derived from a Greek word that means “transposition,” and refers to an inversion in the arrangement of common words. It can be described as a rhetorical tool wherein the writers play with the ordinary positions of words, phrases, and clauses so as to create in a different way arranged sentences, which still recommend a comparable meaning. Hyperbaton is also known as a broader model of hypallage.
Similarity with Anastrophe
Hyperbaton is similar to anastrophe, that's the inversion of the natural word order, or reversal of the phrase arrangement, in a sentence with the aim to create rhetorical effect. Anastrophe is also regarded as a simile of hyperbaton.
Features of Hyperbaton
Words aren't organized in their everyday order.
It is classified as the discern of disorder.
It is employed for emphasis and rhetorical effect.
It interrupts the natural drift of sentences.
It is significantly used as inflected language.
Examples of Hyperbaton in Literature
Example #1: Wasteland (By T. S. Eliot)
“Winter stored us warm, covering
Earth in forgetful snow, feeding
A little lifestyles with dried tubers….
You cannot say, or guess, for you know best
A heap of damaged images, wherein the sun beats,
And the lifeless tree offers no shelter, the cricket no relief,
And the dry stone no sound of water. Only
There is shadow underneath this purple rock,
(Come in below the shadow of this red rock) …”
The previous excerpt is certainly one of those which can be taken into consideration as perfect examples of hyperbaton. Here, the natural order has been changed in the course of the text. This inflected language interrupts the glide of sentences.
Example #2: Measure for Measure (By William Shakespeare)
“Some upward thrust by way of sin, and some with the aid of distinctive feature fall …”
This is simplest one of the many hyperbaton examples discovered in Shakespeare’s works. Here, he makes use of the surprising word order, that's “some through distinctive feature fall,” instead of “a few fall through distinctive feature.” This disordering of words helps in emphasizing the phrase “virtue fall.”
Example #3: Anyone Lived in a Pretty How Town (By E. E. Cummings)
“all of us lived in a quite how town
(with up so floating many bells down)
spring summer autumn winter
he sang his didn’t he danced his did.
Women and men (each little and small)
Cared for all and sundry no longer at all
they sowed their isn’t they reaped their identical
solar moon stars rain
youngsters guessed (but only a few
and down they forgot as up they grew …)
when by now and tree through leaf
she laughed his joy she cried his grief
chicken through snow and stir by way of still
each person’s any turned into all to her
someones married their everyones
laughed their cryings and did their dance
(sleep wake hope and then) they
said their nevers they slept their dream …”
This is a excellent example of hyperbaton. The words, phrases, and clauses are confused in an surprising way. Also, it's miles creating complex systems of sentences, and aesthetics of ambiguity.
Example #4: A Midsummer Night’s Dream (By William Shakespeare)
“The eye of man hath not heard, the ear of guy hath no longer seen, man’s hand isn't always capable of taste, his tongue to conceive, nor his heart to report, what my dream became…”
Here, Shakespeare has hired an uncommon and complicated phrase shape. He has transposed the ordinary word order, such as “his tongue to conceive,” and “what my dream became.”
Example #5: Julius Caesar (By William Shakespeare)
“His coward lips did from their colour fly
And that same eye whose bend doth awe the world
Did lose his luster. I did pay attention him groan,
Ay, and that tongue of his that bade the Romans
Mark him and write his speeches of their books.”
Here, Shakespeare plays with the natural role of words, giving depth to the sentence shape. The motive is to emphasise the phrase, as it gives a surprising turn within the sentence.
Function of Hyperbaton
Hyperbaton is hired in literary writing, poetry, film, and all other mediums of visual or textual form. It creates startling and on occasion difficult effects, despite getting used as inflected language.
In rhyming and metered poems, hyperbaton is employed to fit a sentence into the structure of a poem well. Besides, when hyperbaton is used well in sentences, it may result in emphasis at the favored place. Also, the unconventional placement of phrases and phrases effects in interesting and complicated sentence systems.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw