Syllogism is a rhetorical tool that starts an issue with a reference to something wellknown, and from this it draws a conclusion about something extra precise.
Let us strive to understand the concept with the assist of an example. We begin with a wellknown argument “All guys are mortal.” We recognize that John is a guy, so John is mortal. It is a deductive approach to reason, and is based on deducing specific conclusions from standard facts.
We notice in the above example that syllogism is a three-component set of statements:
a major assertion or premise
a minor assertion or premise
a conclusion that is deduced
Therefore, “All men are mortal” is a chief announcement or premise, which stands as a general fact. “John is a man” is minor declaration or premise that is precise, and “John is mortal” is the logical conclusion deduced from the 2 earlier statements.
Syllogism and Enthymeme
Syllogism takes the shape of enthymeme when it is compressed. Enthymeme combines the minor premise and the conclusion, omitting the predominant announcement. For instance, a syllogism “All dogs are dog. Tommy is a dog. Therefore, Tommy is a dog,” may be compressed in an enthymeme as “Tommy is a canine because it is a dog.” The important premise stays implied or hidden.
Syllogism may also be used to form incorrect conclusions which might be odd. For instance, “All crows are black, and the chicken in my cage is black. So, the hen in my cage is a crow.” This is a fake argument, as it implies a conclusion that “all blackbirds are crows,” which is incorrect. It is understood as “syllogism fallacy.” Another instance of syllogism fallacy is “Some televisions are black and white, and all penguins are black and white. Therefore, some televisions are penguins.” You can without difficulty see that the conclusion is nearly impossible, and in reality has a comical outcome.
Examples of Syllogism in Literature
There are numerous examples of syllogism or coming-of-age novels in English literature. Let us briefly examine a few:
Example #1: Timon of Athens (By William Shakespeare)
William Shakespeare employs this rhetorical device in his play Timon of Athens, Act 4, scene 3:
Flavius: “Have you forgot me, sir?”
Timon: “Why dost ask that? I even have forgot all guys;
Then, if thou grant’st thou’rt a man, I have forgot thee.”
Timon makes use of a witty syllogism to inform Flavius that he ought to have forgotten him like he has forgotten all other men. It may be expanded in a three-set argument as: “I normally do forget, as I have forgotten everyone. Therefore, I actually have forgotten you as well.”
Example #2: To his Coy Mistress (By Andrew Marvell)
Poetry is thought for its passion and not reason, however we discover syllogistic argument in Andrew Marvell’s poem To his Coy Mistress. The poet says to his bashful beloved:
“Had we but world enough, and time. This coyness, Lady, were no crime.”
It implies a fashionable truth that life is brief and man is mortal. They do now not have sufficient time to love, and can not waste it in show of coyness.
Likewise, he and his darling might also separate eternally before their union on this global is established. Therefore, he says:
“But at my again I usually hear
Time’s wingèd chariot hurrying near;”
and speaks to his beloved, with the realization that they must avail themselves of the time they have:
“Thy beauty shall no greater be observed…
Now allow us to recreation us even as we may,”
Example #3: Elegy 2 The Anagram (By John Donne)
Compressed syllogism is located in famous metaphysical poet John Donne’s Elegy 2 The Anagram:
“All love is wonder; if we justly do
Account her wonderful, why not lovable too?”
If we enlarge the above syllogism, it'll have the following business enterprise of statements: All this is lovely is wonderful, and the mistress is wonderful. Therefore, the mistress is cute.
Function of Syllogism
In logic, syllogism goals at identifying the overall truths in a selected situation. It is a device inside the fingers of a speaker or a writer to influence the audience or the readers, as their belief in a popular reality may tempt them to consider in a specific end drawn from the ones truths. In literature, syllogism can contribute to feature wit to the statements. Moreover, syllogism fallacy may additionally provide us an possibility to experience nonsensical conclusions.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw