Theme is defined as a main concept or an underlying that means of a literary work, which may be stated immediately or indirectly.
Major and Minor Themes
Major and minor subject matters are two varieties of subject matters that seem in literary works. A principal subject matter is an idea that a writer repeats in his literary paintings, making it the most sizeable idea within the paintings. A minor subject matter, on the alternative hand, refers to an concept that looks in a piece briefly, giving way to some other minor subject. Examples of subject matter in Jane Austen’s “Pride and Prejudice” are matrimony, love, friendship, and affection. The complete narrative revolves around the foremost subject of matrimony. Its minor themes are love, friendship, affectation etc.
Difference Between a Theme and a Subject
It is essential now not to confuse a subject of a literary work with its subject. Subject is a topic that acts as a basis for a literary work, whilst a subject matter is an opinion expressed on the concern. For example, a creator may pick a subject of conflict for his tale, and the subject matter may be his private opinion that struggle is a curse for humanity. Usually, it is up to the readers to explore the subject matter of a literary paintings through analyzing characters, plot, and different literary devices.
Presentation of Themes
A creator gives issues in a literary paintings via numerous means. A writer may also express a theme through the feelings of his main individual approximately the concern he has chosen to write approximately. Similarly, themes are presented through thoughts and conversations of various characters. Moreover, the studies of the principle character inside the path of a literary paintings provide us an concept about its topic. Finally, the moves and events taking vicinity in a narrative are consequential in determining its theme.
Short Examples of Theme
When the astronaut landed at the moon, he felt loneliness. Thinking there was nobody else, he have become a bit forlorned, even though the view of Earth turned into stunningly beautiful.
(Theme of lonesomeness)
The space tourists had been visiting to the moon, while their spaceship unexpectedly ran out of fuel. They had been all nervous to examine that they wouldn’t be able to go back to Earth, and could most effective land on the moon.
(Theme of fear)
The bus turned into travelling at a splendid speed when it changed into stopped via a gang of robbers. The passengers had been ordered to get out, leaving their valuable belongings within the bus.
(Theme of fear)
Their wedding ceremony changed into taking location in a grand hotel. All the eminent humans of the city have been invited, the purpose that the party become remarkable.
(Theme of happiness)
As soon because the clock struck 12 at noon, the jubilations started. It travelled from East to West on the first day of the year.
(Theme of felicitation)
The religious leader become leading a massive congregation of followers, praying with utmost humility.
(Theme of religiosity)
All the family members had been wearing black, with somber faces. They had been participating inside the funeral ceremony of their deceased relative.
(Theme of gloom)
The cricket suit was achieving a highpoint, the enthusiasts of both groups screaming their support. It changed into an wonderful game.
(Theme of cheerfulness)
The teacher said that she was hoping all of her students would skip with properly grades.
(Theme of optimism)
The father of the slowwitted student stated he had no fake hopes about his son’s future.
(Theme of pessimism)
The immigrant looked round to speak to somebody, but could discover no one who spoke his language. He felt claustrophobic and desolate.
(Theme of hopelessness)
Only the laborers were working on Labor Day.
(Theme of irony)
The conference became in full swing, with scholars handing over informed lectures on various subjects. The audience loved it immensely.
(Theme of learning)
The politician was delivering a speech on the need for peace between neighboring states. He said through peace they could attain what no longer possible through struggle.
(Theme of peace)
The fashionable commanded his troops to open fire at the enemy, and to kill every and each soldier of the combatants.
(Theme of struggle)
Examples of Theme in Literature
Example #1: Love and Friendship Theme
Love and friendship are frequently going on issues in literature. They generate emotional twists and turns in a story, and might lead to a number of endings: happy, sad, or bittersweet. The following are well-known literary works with love and friendship topics:
Romeo and Juliet with the aid of William Shakespeare
Wuthering Heights via Emily Bronte
Anna Karenina with the aid of Leo Tolstoy
Sense and Sensibility by way of Jane Austen
Pride and Prejudice by means of Jane Austen
Example #2: War Theme
The subject matter of warfare has been explored in literature since historic times. Literary woks making use of this subject can also either glorify or criticize the concept of battle. Most recent literary works portray war as a curse for humanity, due to the suffering it inflicts. Some well-known examples consist of:
Iliad and Odyssey with the aid of Homer
War and Peace with the aid of Leo Tolstoy
Gone with the Wind with the aid of Margaret Mitchell
A Farewell to Arms through Ernest Hemingway
Arms and the Man via Bernard Shaw
A Band of Brothers: Stories from Vietnam via Walter McDonald
Example #3: Crime and Mystery Themes
Crime and mystery are utilized in detective novels. Such narratives also consist of sub-topics, such as “crimes can not be hidden,” “evil is always punished,” and others. Some well-known crime and mystery theme examples encompass:
The Murders in the Rue Morgue by means of Edgar Allan Poe
Sherlock Holmes through Arthur Conan Doyle
Bleak House by using Charles Dickens
Murder at the Orient Express by way of Agatha Christie
Da Vinci Code by means of Dan Brown
Example #4: Revenge Theme
Revenge is every other recurrent subject observed in many famous literary works. A man or woman comes across sure occasions that make him aware of his want for revenge. The final results of his movement is often bitter, but sometimes they will turn out to be being satisfied. Examples are:
Hamlet and Macbeth by using William Shakespeare
The Count of Monte Cristo via Alexander Dumas
The Girl Who Kicked the Hornet’s Nest with the aid of Stieg Larsson
A Time to Kill by means of John Grisham
Example #5: Annabel Lee (By Edgar Allan Poe)
“I turned into a child and he or she became a child,
In this kingdom by using the sea,
But we cherished with a love that became more than love—
I and my Annabel Lee—
With a love that the wingèd seraphs of Heaven
Coveted her and me.”
This quick extract, taken from Poe’s poem, depicts the subject matter of love.
Example #6: The Charge of the Light Brigade (By Alfred Tennyson)
“Half a league, half of a league,
Half a league onward,
All within the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred.
‘Forward, the Light Brigade!
Charge for the guns!’ he stated:
Into the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred.”
This extract from a poem by means of Tennyson has interwoven themes. War is the principle theme of the poem, which naturally results in dying — at the same time as the theme of demise is interwoven with the subject of battle.
Function of Theme
Theme is an element of a story that binds collectively various vital elements of a story. It is often a fact that reveals universality, and stands actual for humans of all cultures. Theme gives readers higher knowledge of the principle character’s conflicts, stories, discoveries, and feelings as they are derived from them. Through themes, a writer tries to give his readers an insight into how the world works, or how he or she perspectives human life.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw