The word delusion is derived from the Latin word fibula, which means “a story,” and a derivative of the phrase fari, which means “to speak.” Fable is a literary tool that may be described as a concise and brief tale meant to provide a moral lesson on the end.
In literature, it is described as a didactic lesson given thru some form of animal story. In prose and verse, a fable is described through plants, animals, forces, of nature, and inanimate items by way of giving them human attributes wherein they show a moral lesson on the end.
Features of a Fable
A fantasy is intended to provide a moral story.
Fables often use animals as the primary characters. They are provided with anthropomorphic characteristics, along with the ability to speak and to reason.
Fables personify the animal characters.
Examples of Fable in Literature
Example #1: The Fox and the Crow (By Aesop’s Fables)
“A crow was sitting on a department of a tree with a piece of cheese in her beak when a fox determined her and set his wits to work to find out some way of getting the cheese. Coming and standing below the tree he seemed up and said, ‘What a noble fowl I see above me! Her beauty is without equal…’ Down came the cheese, of course, and the Fox, snatching it up, said, ‘You have a voice, madam, I see: what you need is wits.'”
Aesop is probably the most outstanding author of famous examples of fantasy. Aesopian fables positioned emphasis at the social communications of human beings, and as a result the morals he draws deal with realities of lifestyles. In this excerpt, Aesop gives a ethical lesson that flatterers must no longer be trusted.
Example #2: Animal Farm (By George Orwell)
“Now, comrades, what's the nature of this lifestyles of ours? Let us face it: our lives are depressing, laborious, and short. We are born, we are given just so much meals as will hold the breath in our bodies … and the very immediate that our usefulness has come to an end … No animal in England knows the meaning of happiness or entertainment after he is a year antique. No animal in England is free. The existence of an animal is misery and slavery …”
Here, antique Major is speakme to other animals. It is presented as the story of the improvement and emergence of Soviet communism, via an animal myth. He advises the animals to warfare in opposition to the humans, telling them that rebellion is the best feasible manner out of their depressing situation.
Example #3: The Rime of the Ancient Mariner (By S.T. Coleridge)
“But tell me, tell me! communicate again,
Thy gentle reaction renewing —
What makes that deliver force on so fast?
What is the sea doing?”
“Still as a slave earlier than his lord,
The ocean hath no blast…
Up to the moon is cast —…
See! See! (I cried) she tacks no more…
“Without a breeze, without a tide,
She steadies with upright keel!”
The voices on this poem explain the moving deliver with out waves and wind. There is a supernatural force at paintings. This literary piece is one of the well-written myth examples that teach about penance, redemption, and sin. The killing of a bird symbolizes the authentic sin.
Example #4: Gulliver’s Travels (By Jonathan Swift)
“I attempted to rise, but changed into now not capable of stir: for, as I came about to lie on my back, I determined my arms and legs have been strongly mounted on every side to the ground; and my hair, which was long and thick, tied down in the same manner … In a little time I felt some thing alive transferring on my left leg, which advancing gently ahead over my breast, came almost as much as my chin…”
Gulliver’s Travels is a combination of political allegory, ethical fable, mock utopia, and social anatomy. In this excerpt, Captain Gulliver reaches an unknown place among unknown creatures who speak a odd language. This is a form of modern delusion meant to satirize political vices.
Function of Fable
The purpose of writing fables is to convey a ethical lesson and message. Fables also provide readers a chance to snigger at the follies of human beings, and they can be hired for the goal of satire and criticism. They are very helpful in teaching children right lessons based on examples. However, in literature, fables are used for didactic functions at a miles broader level.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw