Personification is a figure of speech wherein a thing – an concept or an animal – is given human attributes.
The non-human gadgets are portrayed in such a way that we sense they have got the potential to act like human beings. For example, while we say, “The sky weeps,” we're giving the sky the capability to cry, that is a human quality. Thus, we are able to say that the sky has been personified inside the given sentence. With the above definition of personification, let us look at some personification examples.
Common Examples of Personification
Look at my vehicle. She is a beauty, isn’t she?
The wind whispered through dry grass.
The vegetation danced within the mild breeze.
Time and tide await none.
The hearth swallowed the complete wooded area.
We see from the above examples of personification that this literary tool helps us relate actions of inanimate items to our very own emotions.
Short Examples of Personification in Speech
The shadow of the moon danced on the lake.
There became a heavy thunderstorm, the wind snorted outside, damn my windowpanes.
The flowers have been blooming, and the bees kissed them each now and then.
The flood raged over the complete village.
The tread of time is so ruthless that it tramples even the kings below its feet.
It was early morning – I met a cat yawning and stretching within the street.
The skyscraper became so tall that it regarded to kiss the sky.
The tree changed into pulled down, and the birds lamented over its useless body.
The tall pines in the hilly location fondled the clouds.
The long street to his domestic become a twisting snake, with no visible end.
The complete moon peeped via partial clouds.
His car suffered a intense stroke inside the center of the street, and refused to transport forward.
The ship danced over the undulating waves of the ocean.
When he sat the test, the words and the ideas fled from his mind.
When he got here out of the residence of his deceased friend, the whole thing seemed to him to be weeping.
Examples of Personification in Literature
Example #1: The Green Gables Letters (By L. M. Montgomery)
“I hied me away to the woods — away lower back into the sun-washed alleys carpeted with fallen gold and glades where the moss is inexperienced and shiny but. The woods are on the point of sleep — they're not but asleep but they're disrobing and are having all kinds of little bed-time meetings and whisperings and good-nights.”
The loss of activity in the woodland has been superbly personified because the woodland on the point of sleep, busy at bed-time chatting and wishing good-nights, all of that are human customs.
Example #2: Romeo and Juliet, Act I, Scene II (By William Shakespeare)
“When well-appareled April on the heel
Of limping winter treads.”
There are personification examples here. April cannot put on a dress, and wintry weather does now not limp, nor does it have a heel on which a month can walk. Shakespeare personifies the month of April and the iciness season by means of giving them two distinct human qualities.
Example #3: Loveliest of Trees the Cherry Now (By A. H. Houseman)
“Loveliest of trees, the cherry now
Is hung with bloom alongside the bough,
And stands approximately the forest ride
Wearing white for Eastertide.”
He sees a cherry tree included with stunning white plant life within the woodland, and says that the cherry tree wears white garments to celebrate Easter. He offers human attributes to a tree with the intention to describe it in human terms.
Example #4: Have You Got A Brook In Your Little Heart (By Emily Elizabeth Dickinson)
“Have you bought a brook in your little heart,
Where bashful flowers blow,
And blushing birds go all the way down to drink,
And shadows tremble so?”
The bashful plant life, blushing birds, and trembling shadows are examples of personification.
Example #5: How Pearl Button Was Kidnapped (By William Shakespeare)
“Pearl Button swung on the little gate in front of the House of Boxes. It changed into the early afternoon of a sunshiny day with little winds playing hide-and-are seeking in it.”
It personifies wind via announcing that it is as playful as little children gambling hide-and-are seeking on a sunny day.
Example #6: Two Sunflowers Move in a Yellow Room (By William Blake)
Move in the Yellow Room.
‘Ah, William, we’re weary of weather,’
said the sunflowers, shining with dew.
Our visiting conduct have tired us.
Can you give us a room with a view?”
This poem through William Blake incorporates lots of examples of personification. The poem starts offevolved in a talk form, where a sunflower is directly addressing the poet by calling his name. Again, within the 1/3 line the flower says, “our visiting habits have tired us”, which is a great personification. The vegetation are depicting a human function of weariness as a result of the weather. In a human manner, they make a request to the poet to position them in a room with a window with lots of sunshine.
Example #7: I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud (By William Wordsworth)
“I wandered lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o’er vales and hills,
When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, underneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.”
This poem through William Wordsworth consists of inventive examples of personification. The fourth line says, “A host of golden daffodils,” and the 5th line has those flora “Fluttering and dancing within the breeze.”
Example #8: The Waste Land (By T. S. ELIOT)
“April is the cruellest month, breeding
Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing
Memory and desire, stirring
Dull roots with spring rain.”
These are the hole lines of The Waste Land, with the aid of T. S. Eliot. The very first line incorporates personification in that it labels April because the cruelest month’.
Example #9: Because I could not prevent for Death (By Emily Dickinson)
“Because I couldn't prevent for Death –
He kindly stopped for me –
The Carriage held but simply Ourselves –
We slowly drove – He knew no haste
And I had positioned away
My labor and my leisure too,
For His Civility –”
The whole poem is complete of examples of personification. In fact, death has been personified by means of the poet, saying “He kindly stopped for me.” Again within the second stanza, “He knew no haste,” and so on.
Function of Personification
Personification is not simply a decorative device, but serves the motive of giving deeper meanings to literary texts. It provides vividness to expressions, as we always have a look at the world from a human perspective. Writers and poets depend upon personification to convey inanimate things to life, so that their nature and movements are understood in a better manner. Because it is simpler for us to relate to something that is human, or which possesses human traits, its use encourages us to expand a perspective that is new as well as creative.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw