Analogy Definition
An analogy is a comparison in which an concept or a thing is as compared to another factor this is quite one of a kind from it. It goals at explaining that concept or component by means of evaluating it to something that is acquainted. Metaphors and similes are gear used to attract an analogy. Therefore, analogy is more substantial and difficult than both a simile or a metaphor. Consider the following example:

The shape of an atom is like a solar machine. The nucleus is the sun, and electrons are the planets revolving around their sun.

Here, an atomic structure is in comparison to a solar system by means of the use of the word “like.” Therefore, it's miles a simile. Metaphor is used to narrate the nucleus to the sun, and the electrons to the planets, without using the words “like” or “as.” Hence, similes and metaphors are employed to broaden an analogy.

Examples of Analogy in Everyday Life
We generally use analogy in our ordinary conversation. Some common analogy examples are given below:

Life is sort of a race. The person who keeps jogging wins the race, and the only who stops to trap a breath loses.
Just as a sword is the weapon of a warrior, a pen is the weapon of a writer.
How a physician diagnoses sicknesses is like how a detective investigates crimes.
Just as a caterpillar comes out of its cocoon, so we must pop out of our consolation zone.
You are as annoying as nails on a chalkboard.
Examples of Analogy in Literature
Example #1: Night Clouds (By Amy Lowell)
The white mares of the moon rush along the sky
Beating their golden hoofs upon the glass Heavens.

Here, the poet constructs an analogy between clouds and mares. She compares the movement of the white clouds within the sky at night with that of the white mares on the ground.

Example #2: A Hanging (By George Orwell)
The lines underneath had been taken from George Orwell’s narrative essay A Hanging, which reveals an analogy between a prisoner and a fish.

They crowded very close about him, with their hands constantly on him in a careful, caressing grip, as even though all of the whilst feeling him to ensure he turned into there. It changed into like men handling a fish which remains alive and can leap back into the water.

The human beings are taking a prisoner to the gallows to be hanged. They are keeping him firmly, as though he have been a fish which would possibly slip away and escape.

Example #3: The Day Is Done (By Henry Wadsworth Longfellow)
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow uses analogy inside the following lines taken from his poem The Day is Done:

Read from a few humbler poet,
Whose songs gushed from his coronary heart,
As showers from the clouds of summer,
Or tears from the eyelids start.

He relates his poems to the summer showers and tears from the eyes. He develops the similarity to show spontaneity of artwork whilst it at once comes out from the coronary heart of an artist.

Example #4: Romeo and Juliet (By William Shakespeare)
These lines are taken from William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, Act II, Scene 2:

What’s in a name? That which we name a rose
By any other word could odor as sweet.
So Romeo could, had been he not Romeo called…

Juliet is indirectly pronouncing that, much like a rose that will continually smell sweet by whichever name it is called, she can love Romeo even supposing he changes his name.

Example #5: The Flea (By John Donne)
John Donne, in his poem The Flea, makes use of analogy of a flea to describe his love together with his beloved:

This flea is you and I, and this
Our marriage bed, and marriage temple is…

In the quoted traces, he tells his darling that, as a flea has sucked blood from each of them, and their blood has mingled in its gut, so the flea has grow to be their “wedding ceremony bed.”

Function of Analogy
Writers use analogy to link an unfamiliar or a new concept with common and familiar objects. This makes it's far easier for readers to realize a new idea, which may additionally have been tough for them to recognize otherwise. In addition, by using using this literary tool, writers capture the eye of their readers. Analogies help boom readers’ hobby as analogies help them relate what they study to their life.
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