Archetype Definition
In literature, an archetype is a typical person, an action, or a situation that seems to symbolize familiar styles of human nature.

An archetype, also recognised as “common symbol,” can be a individual, a theme, a symbol, or even a setting. Many literary critics are of the opinion that archetypes – which have a common and habitual representation in a particular human culture, or entire human race – shape the shape and feature of a literary work.

Carl Jung, Swiss psychologist, argued that the foundation of an archetype is inside the “collective unconscious” of mankind. The phrase “collective unconscious” refers to experiences shared by using a race or culture. Such experiences encompass such things as love, religion, death, birth, life, struggle, and survival. These studies exist within the subconscious of every individual, and are re-created in literary works, or in other kinds of art.

Examples of Archetype in Literature
Below is the evaluation of common archetypes that exist in literature.

Archetypes in Characters
Example #1: The Hero
He or she is a character who predominantly famous goodness, and struggles towards evil with the intention to restore harmony and justice to society. Examples of hero encompass Beowulf, within the book Beowulf, Hercules, in the ebook Hercules, and d’Artagnan, from The Three Musketeers.

Example #2: The Mother Figure
Such a man or woman can be represented as a Fairy God Mother, who courses and directs a child, Mother Earth, who contacts human beings and offers religious and emotional nourishment, or a Stepmother who treats their stepchildren poorly. Examples of a mother parent consist of:

In Literature:

Lucy and Madame Defarge, from Charles Dickens’ A Tale of Two Cities
Disely, from William Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury
Gladriel, from J. R. R. Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings
Glinda, from the Frank Baum’s The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
In Fairy Tales:

The depraved stepmother in Charles Perrault’s Cinderella
The fairy godmothers in Charles Perrault’s Sleeping Beauty
Mother Goose
The grandmother in Charles Perrault’s Little Red Riding Hood
In Mythology:

The mythological figures of Persephone, Demeter, Hecate, Gorgon, Medusa

Example #3: The Innocent Youth
He or she is inexperienced, with many weaknesses, and seeks safety with others. Others like him or her because of the trust he or she suggests in other human beings. Usually, the revel in of coming of age comes inside the later parts of the narratives. Examples of harmless youth consist of:

Pip in Charles Dickens’ Great Expectations
Nicholas in Charles Dickens’ The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby
Joseph from Henry Fielding’s The History of the Adventures of Joseph Andrews
Example #4: The Mentor
His or her project is to defend the main individual. It is through the sensible advice and education of a mentor that the main character achieves achievement in the world. Examples of mentor encompass:

Gandalf in J. R. R. Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings
Parson Adams in Henry Fielding’s Joseph Andrews
Senex in Madeleine L’Engle’s A Wind within the Door
Example #5: The Doppelganger
It is a reproduction or shadow of a man or woman, which represents the evil side of his personality. Examples of doppelganger in famous literary works consist of:

William Shakespeare’s Hamlet
Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein
Edgar Allen Poe’s William Wilson
Robert Louis Stevenson’s Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Example #6: The Scapegoat
A man or woman that takes the blame for everything horrific that happens. Examples of scapegoat consist of:

Snowball, in George Orwell’s Animal Farm
Example #7: The Villain
A man or woman whose main characteristic is to go to any extent to oppose the hero, or whom the hero must annihilate so as to carry justice. Examples of villain encompass:

Shere Khan, from Rudyard Kipling’s The Jungle Book stories
Long John Silver, from Robert Louis Stevenson’s Treasure Island
Archetypes in Situations
Example #8: The Journey
The main person takes a adventure, which may be bodily or emotional, to understand his or her personality, and the character of the world. Examples of archetype in adventure consist of:

Dante Alighieri’s The Divine Comedy
Henry Fielding’s The History of the Adventures of Joseph Andrews and of his Friend Mr. Abraham Adams
Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels
Example #9: The Initiation
The main individual undergoes reports that lead him towards maturity. Examples of archetypes in initiation encompass:

Henry Fielding’s History of Tom Jones, a Foundling
Laurence Sterne’s The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
Voltaire’s Candide
Example #10: Good Versus Evil
It represents the conflict of forces that represent goodness with those that constitute evil. Examples of this archetype include:

William Shakespeare’s King Lear
Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness
Example #11: The Fall
The main individual falls from grace in consequence of his or her own actions. Examples of archetype in fall include:

Oedipus, from Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex
Lear, from William Shakespeare’s King Lear
Function of Archetype
The use of archetypical characters and situations offers a literary work a commonplace acceptance, as readers perceive the characters and conditions in their social and cultural context. By using not unusual archetypes, writers try to impart realism to their works, as the conditions and characters are drawn from the reviews of the world.
Archaism Argument