Hyperbole, derived from a Greek phrase meaning “over-casting,” is a determine of speech that includes an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis.
It is a device that we employ in our daily speech. For instance, whilst you meet a pal after an extended time, you say, “It’s been ages when you consider that I closing noticed you.” You won't have met him for three or 4 hours, or a day, however the use of the word “ages” exaggerates this statement to feature emphasis for your wait. Therefore, a hyperbole is an unreal exaggeration to emphasize the real situation. Some other commonplace Hyperbole examples are given below.
Common Examples of Hyperbole
My grandmother is as old because the hills.
Your suitcase weighs a ton!
She is as heavy as an elephant!
I am dying of shame.
I am looking to solve a million problems these days.
It is vital not to confuse hyperbole with simile and metaphor. It does make a comparison, like simile and metaphor. Rather, hyperbole has a humorous effect created by means of an overstatement. Let us see a few examples from Classical English literature wherein hyperbole become used successfully.
Short Examples of Hyperbole
A ton of worry was lifted from the beggar’s returned while he obtained the alms.
He noticed a man as tall a power poll.
He saw his youth buddy after ages.
The climate changed into so hot that literally the whole lot was on fire.
The boy was loss of life to get a new school bag.
The teacher instructed his students no longer to repeat that mistake for the umpteenth time, however to no avail.
He become in this sort of hurry that he drove his vehicle at a bazillion miles in line with hour.
The minister advised the visitors that the couple’s friendship was deeper than the sea, and sweeter than honey.
The blacksmith’s hand became harder than the rock.
Their headmaster turned into omnipresent, as he seemed to be all over the college all the time.
The businessman become so busy that he turned into attending to a million calls simultaneously.
The antique man turned into older than the Himalayas.
The mule is able to lift lots of weight uphill.
His classmates laughed at him, pronouncing he had a pea-sized brain.
John changed into referred to as the elephant of the elegance for his clumsiness.
Hyperbole Examples in Literature
Example #1: Babe the Blue Ox (American Folklore)
In American folk lore, Paul Bunyan’s memories are full of hyperboles. In one instance, he exaggerates wintry weather by means of announcing:
“Well now, one iciness it turned into so cold that every one the geese flew backward and all of the fish moved south or even the snow grew to become blue. Late at night time, it got so frigid that every one spoken phrases froze strong afore they may be heard. People had to wait till sunup to find out what folks were speakme approximately the night before.”
Freezing of the spoken words at night in wintry weather, and then warming them up in the warmth of the sun during the day are examples of hyperbole, which has been effectively used in this brief excerpt from an American folktale.
Example #2: Macbeth (By William Shakespeare)
From William Shakespeare’s Macbeth, Act II, Scene II:
“Neptune’s ocean wash this blood
Clean from my hand? No. This my hand will rather
The multitudinous seas incarnadine,
Making the inexperienced one red.”
Macbeth, the tragic hero, feels the unbearable prick of his conscience after killing the king. He regrets his sin, and believes that even the oceans of the finest magnitude can not wash the blood of the king off his hands. We can see the effective use of hyperboles in the given lines.
Example #3: As I Walked One Evening (By W. H. Auden)
“I’ll love you, dear, I’ll love you
Till China and Africa meet,
And the river jumps over the mountain
And the salmon sing inside the street,
I’ll love you until the sea
Is folded and hung up to dry.”
The use of hyperbole can be seen within the above lines within the meeting of China and Africa, the jumping of the river over the mountain, the singing of salmon in the street, and the sea being folded and hung up to dry are exaggerations, no longer possible in actual life.
Example #4: The Adventures of Pinocchio (By C. Colloid)
“He cried all night time, and dawn determined him nevertheless there, even though his tears had dried and only hard, dry sobs shook his wood frame. But these were so loud that they will be heard via the far off hills …”
The crying of Pinocchio all night time till his tears have become dry is an instance of Hyperbole.
Example #5: The Heart of Darkness (By Joseph Conrad)
“I had to wait within the station for ten days – an eternity.”
The act of ready ten days seemed to final all the time and in no way end.
Example #6: Two Sunflowers Move inside the Yellow Room (By William Blake)
“Ah, William, we’re weary of weather,”
Said the sunflowers, shining with dew.
“Our traveling conduct have worn-out us.
Can you provide us a room with a view?”
They organized themselves at the window
And counted the steps of the sun,
And they each took root inside the carpet
Where the topaz tortoises run.
This is a poem via William Blake in which he uses exaggerated personification of sunflowers, which is corresponding to hyperbole.
Example #7: A Red, Red Rose (By Robert Burns)
“As fair art thou, my bonnie lass,
So deep in luve am I;
And I will love thee nonetheless, my dear,
Till a’ the seas gang dry.
Till a’ the seas gang dry, my dear,
And the rocks melt wi’ the sun:
O I will love thee nonetheless, my dear,
While the sands o’ lifestyles shall run.”
The poet Robert Burns gives many examples of hyperbole in this piece. The poet says that he would really like his beloved until the seas are dried up, and the rocks are melted.
Function of Hyperbole
The above arguments make clear the usage of hyperbole. In our day by day conversation, we use hyperbole to create an amusing effect, or to emphasise our meaning. However, in literature it has very severe implications. By using hyperbole, a author or a poet makes not unusual human feelings brilliant and severe to such an extent that they do now not remain ordinary. In literature, utilization of hyperbole develops contrasts. When one thing is defined with an over-statement, and the other thing is offered normally, a striking assessment is developed. This technique is hired to catch the reader’s attention.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw