Internal rhyme is a poetic tool that can be described as metrical strains wherein its middle words and its quit words rhyme with one another. It is also called “center rhyme,” because it comes in the middle of strains.
Types of Internal Rhyme
Same Line: Rhyme within the same line comes whilst the phrases rhyme in a unmarried line.
For instance, “Once upon a midnight dreary, whilst I pondered, vulnerable and weary,
Separate Line: Rhyme in separate traces comes while or more phrases rhyme within the middle of the separate traces. For example,
“While I nodded, nearly napping, abruptly there got here a tapping,
As of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.”
End of, and Middle of Line: Rhyme of the words at the quit of traces and phrases in the center of the strains come whilst the phrases at the cease of lines rhyme with the words in the middle of the next strains. For instance:
“… Eagerly I needed the morrow; – vainly I had sought to borrow
From my books surcease of sorrow – sorrow for the lost Lenore…”
(The Raven, by means of Edgar Allen Poe)
Examples of Internal Rhyme in Literature
Example #1: The Raven (By Edgar Allen Poe)
“Once upon a midnight dreary, whilst I pondered, susceptible and weary,
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
As of someone lightly rapping, rapping at my chamber door.
Tis a few visitor,” I muttered, “tapping at my chamber door…
Ah, fairly I don't forget it became in the bleak December;
And each separate demise ember wrought its ghost upon the floor.
Eagerly I wanted the morrow; – vainly I had sought to borrow
From my books surcease of sorrow – sorrow for the misplaced Lenore…”
This is the most popular poem of Edgar Allen Poe, where he uses internal rhyme. Here we can see examples of inner rhymes in which the words rhyme inside the equal lines, in separate traces, and inside the intending traces.
Example #2: Macbeth (By William Shakespeare)
“Double, double toil and trouble,
Fire burn and cauldron bubble…”
This is an excerpt from Macbeth, where all witches speak. This is an example of the first type of inner rhyme wherein words rhyme in the equal line.
Example #3: Pink Dominoes (By Rudyard Kipling)
“Jenny and Me were engaged, you see…
So a kiss or two turned into not anything to you…
Jenny might pass in a domino….
While I attended, clad in a splendid…
Now we had arranged, thru notes exchanged…
At Number Four to waltz no greater…
When Three become over, an eager lover…”
In the given lines of Kipling’s Pink Dominoes, the poet has used the first kind of inner rhyme.
Example #4: The Rime of Ancient Mariner (By Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
“The deliver became cheer’d, the harbor clear’d,
And each day, for food or play,
In mist or cloud, on mast or shroud,..
Whiles all of the night, thru fog-smoke white,
Glimmer’d the white moonshine …
“Why look’st thou so?’—’With my crossbow
Ah wretch! Said they, the fowl to slay…
Then all averr’d, I had kill’d the fowl…
The honest breeze blew, the white foam flew…”
In this excerpt, the rhyming phrases create a musical impact and deliver emphasis to the meanings.
Example #5: Annabel Lee (By Edgar Allan Poe)
“For the moon by no means beams without bringing me dreams
Of the stunning Annabel Lee;
And the stars by no means upward thrust however I feel the brilliant eyes
Of the lovely Annabel Lee;
And so, all of the night-tide, I lie down by the side
Of my darling, my darling, my existence and my bride…”
In the above example, the first kind of inner rhyme is employed. The phrases which create internal rhyme are shown in bold. These words supply rhythm and a regular rhyme scheme to the poem.
Function of Internal Rhyme
The sound repetition due to inner rhyme makes a poem or tale unified. It is employed to heighten the poem’s effect,s and this internal rhyme can take place inside the same line or separate alternating traces. Also, it provides to the meanings of words, and enhances musical the impact of a poem.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw