Intertextuality is a sophisticated literary tool using a textual reference within some frame of text, which reflects again the textual content used as a reference. Instead of employing referential phrases from extraordinary literary works, intertextuality draws upon the idea, rhetoric, or ideology from other writings to be merged in the new text. It can be the retelling of an old tale, or the rewriting of famous testimonies in modern context for instance, James Joyce retells The Odyssey in his very well-known novel Ulysses.
Difference Between Intertextuality and Allusion
Although each these phrases seem much like every different, they're slightly exclusive in their meanings. An allusion is a quick and concise reference that a writer makes use of in another narrative with out affecting the storyline. Intertextuality, on the alternative hand, uses the reference of the full story in every other textual content or tale as its backbone.
Examples of Intertextuality in Literature
Example #1: Wide Sargasso Sea (By Jean Rhys)
In his novel, Wide Sargasso Sea, Jean Rhys gathers some activities that occurred in Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre. The motive is to inform readers an opportunity tale. Rhys offers the spouse of Mr. Rochester, who played the function of a secondary man or woman in Jane Eyre. Also, the setting of this novel is Jamaica, not England, and the writer develops the back-tale for his major individual. While spinning the radical, Jane Eyre, Rhys gives her interpretation amid the narrative by means of addressing problems together with the jobs of women, colonization, and racism that Bronte did now not factor out in her novel otherwise.
Example #2: A Tempest (By Aime Cesaire)
Aime Cesaire’s play A Tempest is an edition of The Tempest by way of William Shakespeare. The author parodies Shakespeare’s play from a post-colonial factor of view. Cesaire also modifications the occupations and races of his characters. For example, he transforms the profession of Prospero, who changed into a magician, into a slave-owner, and also changes Ariel right into a Mulatto, even though he became a spirit. Cesaire, like Rhys, makes use of a well-known paintings of literature, and put a spin on it that allows you to express the topics of power, slavery, and colonialism.
Example #3: Lord of the Flies (By William Golding)
William Golding, in his novel Lord of the Flies, takes the tale implicitly from Treasure Island, written via Robert Louis Stevenson. However, Golding has utilized the concept of adventures, which younger boys like to do on the isolated island they have been stranded on. He, however, adjustments the narrative right into a cautionary tale, rejecting the glorified tales of Stevenson regarding exploration and swash buckling. Instead, Golding grounds this novel in bitter realism by way of demonstrating poor implications of savagery and fighting that could take manipulate of human hearts, due to the fact characters have lost the idea of civilization.
Example #4: The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe (By C. S. Lewis)
In this case, C. S. Lewis adapts the idea of Christ’s crucifixion in his fantasy novel, The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. He, very shrewdly, weaves collectively the religious and amusement subject matters for a children’s book. Lewis makes use of an crucial event from The New Testament, transforming it right into a story about redemption. In doing so, he uses Edmund, a character that betrays his savior, Aslan. Generally, the motive of this topic is to introduce other themes, inclusive of evil actions, losing innocence, and redemption.
Example #5: For Whom the Bell Tolls (By Earnest Hemingway)
In the subsequent example, Hemingway uses intertextuality for the name of his novel. He takes the name of a poem, Meditation XVII, written by way of John Donne. The excerpt of this poem reads:
“No guy is an island … and therefore never send to recognise for whom the bell tolls; it tolls for thee.”
Hemingway no longer only makes use of this excerpt for the identify of his novel, he also uses the concept within the novel, as he clarifies and elaborates the abstract philosophy of Donne by means of using the concept of the Spanish Civil War. By the end, the unconventional expands other topics, inclusive of loyalty, love, and camaraderie.
Function of Intertextuality
A majority of writers borrow ideas from previous works to offer a layer of that means to their own works. In fact, when readers read the new textual content with mirrored image on every other literary work, all related assumptions, effects, and thoughts of the other text offer them a specific that means, and modifications the approach of interpretation of the authentic piece. Since readers take have an impact on from different texts, and while analyzing new texts they sift through archives, this tool offers them relevance and clarifies their understanding of the brand new texts. For writers, intertextuality lets in them to open new views and possibilities to construct their memories. Thus, writers may also explore a particular ideology of their narrative via discussing latest rhetoric inside the authentic text.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw