In literature, poetic justice is an ideal shape of justice, in which the best characters are rewarded and the bad characters are punished, via an ironic twist of fate. It is a robust literary view that all kinds of literature need to convey ethical lessons. Therefore, writers employ poetic justice to comply to moral standards.
For instance, if a man or woman in a novel is malicious and with out compassion in the novel, he is seen to have gone past improvement. Then, the concepts of morality demand his character to revel in a twist in his fate and be punished. Similarly, the characters who've suffered at his hand ought to be rewarded at the same time.
Examples of Poetic Justice in Literature
Let us examine a few examples of poetic justice in Literature:
Example #1: King Lear (By William Shakespeare)
In Shakespeare’s King Lear we see the evil characters – Goneril, Regan, Oswald, and Edmund – thrive at some stage in the play. The appropriate characters – Lear, Gloucester, Kent, Cordelia, and Edgar – go through lengthy and hard. We see the coolest characters turn to gods, however they may be rarely answered. Lear, in Act 2, Scene 4 calls upon heaven in a most pitiful manner:
“… O heavens!
If you do love vintage men, if your candy sway
Show obedience, if you yourselves are vintage,
Make it your cause. Send down, and take my part!”
Lear loses his kingdom via the conspiracies of his daughters Goneril and Regan, who are supported through Edmund. At Dover, Edmund-led English troops defeat the Cordelia-led French troops, and Cordelia and Lear are imprisoned.
Cordelia is executed in the prison, and Lear dies of grief at his daughter’s death. Despite all the suffering that good undergoes, the evil is punished. Goneril poisons her sister Regan because of jealousy over Edmund. Later, she kills herself while her disloyalty is exposed to Albany. In a climactic scene, Edgar kills Edmund. In Act 5, Scene 3 he says:
“My name is Edgar, and thy father’s son.
The gods are just, and of our first-rate vices
Make devices to plague us.
The darkish and vicious vicinity in which thee he got
Cost him his eyes.”
Here, “The gods are just” due to the fact they punish the evil for their evil actions.
Example #2: Oliver Twist (By Charles Dickens)
We see the role of poetic justice inside the cruel individual Mr. Bumble, in Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist. Mr. Bumble changed into a beadle in the metropolis wherein Oliver changed into born – in fee of the orphanage and different charitable institutions within the metropolis. He is a sadist and enjoys torturing the bad orphans.
Bumble marries Mrs. Corney for money, and will become master of her workhouse. Her,e his destiny takes a twist as he loses his publish as a beadle, and his new wife does now not permit him to grow to be a master of her workhouse. She beats him and humiliates him, as he himself had performed to the poor orphans. Right at the quit of the novel, we come to realize that each Mr. And Mrs. Bumble grow to be being so bad that they live inside the identical workhouse that they as soon as owned.
Example #three: Oedipus Rex (By Sophocles)
A classic example of poetic justice is found within the Greek tragedy Oedipus Rex, by using Sophocles. In the play, Oedipus has dedicated the crime of defying gods through looking to get away his destiny. Therefore, he left the dominion he lived in, and went to the brand new country of Thebes. He killed the king of the metropolis after a quarrel, and married the queen.
Later, we examine that the prophecy grew to become out true, as the person he killed grew to become out to be his father, and the queen his own mother. The Greek believed their destinies were predetermined – shaped by means of the gods and goddesses. Whosoever tried to defy them, committed a sin and deserved punishment.
Function of Poetic Justice
Generally, the reason of poetic justice in literature is to adhere by the conventional code of morality, in that virtue triumphs vice. The concept of justice in literary texts manifests the moral principle that virtue merits a reward, and vices earn punishment.
In addition, readers frequently perceive with the coolest characters. They experience emotionally attached to them, and experience for them when they suffer on the arms of the wicked characters. Naturally, readers need the coolest characters to triumph and be rewarded; however they equally wish the terrible characters to be penalized for their evilness. Thus, poetic justice offers contentment and resolution.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw