Propaganda is the spreading of rumors, fake or correct information, or an concept, in order to influence the opinion of society. It might also develop an idea or convey into disrepute an opposite idea. In literature, writers use propaganda as a literary approach to control public opinion for or in opposition to one idea or another. In history, we will search a plethora of literary works used as propaganda to shape public perceptions, and direct their behavior to get a response. Generally, propaganda is a way for convincing humans, but that is deceptive in nature, or promotes a fake viewpoint.
Popular Examples of Propaganda
The U.S. Dropped leaflets in a propaganda marketing campaign in Iraq, to allow the human beings recognize that Saddam Hussein turned into the actual perpetrator they were looking for.
People use name-calling as propaganda, such as “My enemy is a drug addict.”
During the McCarthy era, mass media attempted to steer the general public, via propaganda, that Communists had turn out to be very powerful, and they might take over the U.S.
Slogans or catchphrases can work as propaganda, when they're repeated over and over. Eventually, the general public begins believing them.
Selling happiness has come to be popular idea in ads, and serves as propaganda such as well-known celebrities give an explanation for to the public why they want to purchase the product due to the fact it'd remedy their problems.
Examples of Propaganda in Literature
Example #1: Animal Farm (By George Orwell)
Propaganda played a completely crucial role within the Russian Revolution. George Orwell wrote his novel Animal Farm after this revolution, and used anti-communist propaganda as its predominant theme. The author manipulated the speech of the individual Squealer, which is a pig portrayed as Napoleon’s spokesperson.
One example of Squealer’s propaganda is to get the guide of other animals. He uses manipulated speech to disapprove of Snowball’s part within the uprising rebellion after his banishment from the farm. He uses the stupidity of animals for his benefit, and performs with their minds with the aid of describing a different facet of events inside the Battle of the Cowshed.
We can see another instance of propaganda on this novel, when pigs twist the rules and the Seven Commandments for their own advantage. The unique rule reads:
“No animal shall be killed by way of every other animal.”
They exchange this to:
“No animal shall be killed with the aid of some other animal without reason.”
Example #2: The Orphan Master’s Son (By Adam Johnson)
Adam Johnson’s novel The Orphan Master’s Son offers with the themes of identity, kingdom power, and propaganda in North Korea. The tale is set two men from North Korea who revolted against the tyrannical authorities in their country. Through their story, readers get the impact that the North Korean leaders are selfish, as they kidnap their human beings, steal their money, and cheat them.
Example #3: Richard III (By W. H. Auden)
Many critics keep in mind some historic plays of Shakespeare as Tudor propagandas, as they depict civil war dangers, and commemorate the Tudor dynasty’s founders. Similarly, in his play Richard III, Shakespeare makes use of propaganda, while we see Richard shapes the readers’ perceptions. He profits the sympathies of different characters in the play while he declares his deformity is the root reason of wickedness in his man or woman. Hence, he makes use of deformity as propaganda, and controls, injures, and manipulates different people for his non-public gain.
Example #4: Lord of the Flies (By William Golding)
In William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, the author introduces the concept of a beast, using propaganda via his man or woman Jack, who plans to take manipulate of a totalitarian government. He uses propaganda by means of manipulating the cognition of the young boys, frightening them approximately the life of the beast in that area. He accuses Ralph, who does now not perform his obligation to provide protection to the children, and therefore takes rate of a new tribe that could comply with his tyrannical guidelines.
Function of Propaganda
We can effortlessly find the usage of propaganda approach in mass media advertising, politics, and literature. It is a completely popular technique in academic commentary, and is taken as an interchangeable form of communication. The primary characteristic of propaganda is to steer the target market, and to mould their perceptions approximately a particular motive.
Often, propaganda assists in promoting policies. In addition, it ambitions at getting a reaction of the target audience taking a positive action. This is due to the fact merely securing a dedication or assent might now not be sufficient for making this method successful, and securing its purpose. Besides, propaganda serves as an effective weapon to awaken humans by making them understand their vulnerabilities and frailties, instead of comforting them with illusions.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw