Imagery means to apply figurative language to represent objects, actions, and thoughts in such a manner that it appeals to our bodily senses.
Usually it's miles thought that imagery uses specific words that create visible representation of ideas in our minds. The word “imagery” is related to intellectual pictures. However, this concept is but partly correct. Imagery, to be realistic, turns out to be extra complicated than only a picture. Read the following examples of imagery carefully:
It changed into darkish and dim in the forest.
The words “dark” and “dim” are visible snap shots.
The youngsters had been screaming and shouting within the fields.
“Screaming” and “shouting” enchantment to our feel of hearing, or auditory feel.
He whiffed the aroma of brewed coffee.
“Whiff” and “aroma” evoke our experience of smell, or olfactory feel.
The female ran her arms on a tender satin fabric.
The concept of “smooth” in this example appeals to our experience of touch, or tactile experience.
The clean and juicy orange is very bloodless and sweet.
“Juicy” and “sweet” – when associated with oranges – have an impact on our sense of taste, or gustatory sense.
Imagery desires the resource of figures of speech like simile, metaphor, personification, and onomatopoeia, in an effort to attraction to the physical senses. Let us analyze how famous poets and writers use imagery in literature.
Short Examples of Imagery
The vintage guy took the handful of dust, and sifted it via his fingers.
The starry night time sky appeared so beautiful that it begged him to linger, however he reluctantly left for home.
The fragrance of spring plants made her joyful.
The sound of a drum within the distance attracted him.
The people traveled lengthy distances to observe the sunset in the north.
The stone fell with a splash in the lake.
The sound of bat hitting the ball become alluring to his ear.
The chirping of birds heralded spring.
There lay refuse heaps on their path that were so smelly that it maddened them.
The silence within the room was unnerving.
The blind man touched the tree to examine if its skin become easy or rough.
When he changed into on the way to work, he heard the muffled cry of a woman.
The beacons of moonlight bathed the room in ethereal mild.
The wild gusts of cold wind pierced her body.
The burger, aromatic with spices, made his mouth water in anticipation of the primary bite.
Imagery Examples in Literature
Example #1: Romeo and Juliet (By William Shakespeare)
Imagery of light and darkness is repeated oftentimes in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet. Consider an instance from Act I, Scene V:
“O, she doth teach the torches to burn vibrant!
It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night time
Like a rich jewel in an Ethiope’s ear …”
Romeo praises Juliet by using pronouncing that she appears extra radiant than the brightly lit torches within the hall. He says that at night time her face glows like a brilliant jewel shining against the darkish skin of an African. Through the contrasting pics of light and dark, Romeo portrays Juliet’s beauty.
Example #2: To Autumn (By John Keats)
John Keats’ To Autumn is an ode wealthy with auditory imagery examples. In the remaining 5 strains of his ode he says:
“Or sinking as the mild wind lives or dies;
And full-grown lambs loud bleat from hilly bourn;
Hedge-crickets sing; and now with treble smooth
The redbreast whistles from a garden-croft,
And gathering swallows twitter within the skies.”
The animal sounds in the above excerpt hold attractive to our sense of hearing. We listen the lamb bleating and the crickets chirping. We hear the whistles of the redbreast robin and the twitters of swallows within the skies. Keats call these sounds the music of autumn.
Example #3: Once More to the Lake (By E. B. White)
In prose, imagery aids writers to perform a brilliant description of events. Below is an example of an effective use of imagery from E. B. White’s Once More to the Lake:
“When the others went swimming my son said he was going in, too. He pulled his dripping trunks from the line where that they had hung all through the bathe and wrung them out. Languidly, and with no thought of going in, I watched him, his difficult little body, skinny and bare, saw him wince barely as he pulled up round his vitals the small, soggy, icy garment. As he buckled the swollen belt, unexpectedly my groin felt the chill of death.”
The photographs depicting the dampness of clothes, within the above traces, convey a sense of the cold sensation that we get from wet clothes.
Example #4: Great Expectations (By Charles Dickens)
In Great Expectations, written by using Charles Dickens, Pip (the hero of the novel) uses many images to describe a moist morning in a marsh:
“It changed into a rimy morning, and very damp. I had seen the damp lying on the outdoor of my little window… Now, I noticed the damp lying at the naked hedges and spare grass, … On each rail and gate, moist lay clammy; and the marsh-mist become so thick, that the wood finger at the put up directing people to our village—a direction which they in no way accepted, for they in no way came there—was invisible to me till I turned into quite close beneath it.”
The repeated use of the phrases “damp” and “wet” makes us experience how depressing it become for him that damp and cold morning. The thick “marsh-mist” aids our creativeness to visualise the scene of morning in a marshland.
Example #5: Goodbye Mr. Chips (By James Hilton)
“Brookfield he had liked, almost from the beginning. He remembered that day of his preliminary interview—sunny June, with the air full of flower scents and the plick-plock of cricket at the pitch. Brookfield was gambling Barnhurst, and one of the Barnhurst boys, a chubby little fellow, made a fantastic century. Queer that a element like that should stay inside the reminiscence so clearly.”
This is an amazing example of the usage of imagery in Goodbye Mr. Chips with the aid of James Hilton. First the phrase sunny refers back to the visual imagery. The flower fragrance refers back to the experience of smell, and then the plick-plock refers to the sense of hearing.
Example #6: Daffodils (By William Wordsworth)
“I wandered lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o’er vales and hills,
When all of sudden I noticed a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing within the breeze.”
This is a very good example of imagery in Wordsworth’s Daffodils. The poet uses the experience of sight to create a bunch of golden daffodils beside the lake. Their fluttering and dancing also refers back to the sight.
Example #7: Stopping with the aid of Woods on a Snowy Evening (By Robert Frost)
“The woods are lovely, darkish and deep,
But I have promises to hold … “
Robert Frost makes use of visible imagery in those traces of his well-known poem as, “the woods are lovely, darkish and deep.”
Example #8: My November Guest (By Robert Frost)
“My Sorrow, while she’s right here with me,
Thinks those dark days of autumn rain
Are lovely as days can be;
She loves the naked, the withered tree;
She walked the sodden pasture lane.”
This poem through Robert Frost is yet another true instance of imagery. In the second one line, the poet uses darkish days, that is an instance of using visible imagery. In the fourth line, the bare, withered tree makes use of the imagery of sight. In the 5th line, the sodden pasture is likewise an instance of tactile imagery.
Function of Imagery
The characteristic of images in literature is to generate a colourful and photograph presentation of a scene that appeals to as a number of the reader’s senses as possible. It aids the reader’s creativeness to examine the characters and scenes in the literary piece clearly. Apart from the above-mentioned feature, pix drawn by using the usage of figures of speech like metaphor, simile, personification, and onomatopoeia, serve the feature of beautifying a chunk of literature.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw