A poem is a set of spoken or written phrases that expresses ideas or emotions in a powerfully shiny and imaginative style. A poem is comprised of a specific rhythmic and metrical pattern. In fact, it's miles a literary approach that is distinctive from prose or normal speech, as it is either in metrical sample or in free verse. Writers or poets specific their feelings via this medium extra without difficulty, as they face issue when expressing via some different medium. It serves the motive of a mild to take the readers toward the right path. Also, on occasion it teaches them a ethical lesson thru sugar-coated language.
Types of Poem
Haiku – A form of Japanese poem consisting of three unrhymed traces, with mostly five, seven, and five syllables in each line.
Free Verse – Consists of non–rhyming lines, with none metrical sample, however which comply with a natural rhythm.
Epic – A shape of lengthy poem, often written in clean verse, wherein poet suggests a protagonist in action of historical significance, or a remarkable mythic.
Ballad – A type of narrative poem in which a story frequently talks approximately folk or legendary tales. It can also take the shape of a ethical lesson or a song.
Sonnet – It is a shape of lyrical poem containing fourteen lines, with iambic pentameter and tone or mood modifications after the eighth line.
Elegy – A melancholic poem wherein the poet laments the loss of life of a subject, even though he offers consolation closer to the end.
Epitaph – A small poem used as an inscription on a tombstone.
Hymn – This sort of a poem praises spirituality or God’s splendor.
Limerick – This is a sort of funny poem with five anapestic lines wherein the first, second, and fifth lines have 3 feet, and the third and fourth traces have feet, with a strict rhyme scheme of aabba.
Villanelle – A French styled poem with nineteen strains, composed of three–line stanza, with 5 tercets and a very last quatrain. It makes use of refrain at the first and 1/3 traces of every stanza.
Examples of Poem in Literature
Example #1: While you Decline to Cry (By Ō no Yasumaro)
“While you decline to cry,
excessive at the mountainside
a single stalk of plume grass wilts.”
(Loose translation through Michael R. Burch)
This poem contains three lines, which is the typical shape of a haiku poem. It does now not follow any formal rhyme scheme or proper rhythmical sample.
Example #2: The Song of Hiawatha (By Henry Wadsworth Longfellow)
“By the shore of Gitchie Gumee,
By the shining Big-Sea-Water,
At the entrance of his wigwam,
In the quality Summer morning,
Hiawatha stood and waited…”
These are a few lines from The Song of Hiawatha, a classic epic poem that presents an American Indian legend of a loving, brave, patriotic, and stoic hero, however which bears resemblance to Greek myths of Homer. Longfellow tells of the sorrows and triumphs of the Indian tribes in element in this lengthy poem. Therefore, that is a satisfactory instance of a modern epic, although different epics encompass Paradise Lost by John Milton and Iliad through Homer.
Example #3: After the Sea-Ship (By Walt Whitman)
Free Verse Poem
“After the Sea-Ship—after the whistling winds;
After the white-gray sails, taut to their spars and ropes,
Below, a myriad, myriad waves, hastening, lifting up their necks,
Tending in ceaseless flow towards the song of the ship:
Waves of the ocean, bubbling and gurgling, blithely prying…”
This poem neither has rhyming traces, nor does it adhere to a particular metrical plan. Hence, it's far unfastened of artificial expression. It has rhythm and a number of rhetorical devices used for sounds, which include assonance and consonance.
Example #4: La Belle Dame sans Merci (By John Keats)
“O what can ail thee, knight-at-arms,
Alone and palely loitering?
The sedge has wither’d from the lake,
And no birds sing …
And this is why I sojourn here
Alone and palely loitering,
Though the sedge is wither’d from the lake,
And no birds sing.”
This poem affords a perfect instance of a ballad—a people-style poem that typically narrates a love story. The language of this poem is simple. It contains twelve stanzas, with four quatrains and a rhyme scheme of abcb.
Function of Poem
The main feature of a poem is to convey an idea or emotion in beautiful language. It paints a photograph of what the poet feels approximately a thing, person, idea, concept, or maybe an object. Poets grab the eye of the audience thru using vivid imagery, emotional shades, figurative language, and different rhetorical devices. However, the supreme feature of a poem is to transform imagery and phrases into verse shape, to the touch the hearts and minds of the readers. They can without problems arouse the emotions in their readers thru versification. In addition, poets evoke imaginative consciousness approximately things with the aid of using a selected diction, sound, and rhythm.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw