Hubris is extreme pleasure and vanity shown via a man or woman, which in the end brings about his downfall.
Hubris is an ordinary flaw within the persona of a person who enjoys a powerful position; because of which, he overestimates his competencies to such an quantity that he loses contact with reality. A person affected by hubris tries to cross everyday human limits, and violates moral codes. Examples of hubris are located in important characters of tragic plays.
Definition of Hubris by using Aristotle
Aristotle mentions hubris in his e book Rhetoric:
“Hubris consists in doing and announcing things that motive disgrace to the victim … sincerely for the satisfaction of it. Retaliation isn't always hubris, but revenge. … Young men and the wealthy are hubristic because they think they may be higher than other humans.”
Aristotle believed that humans bask in crimes. Like sexual misconduct and maltreating others. most effective to meet their basic choice to make themselves feel advanced to others.
The Concept of Hubris in Greek Mythology
Similarly, Greek mythology depicts hubris as a exceptional crime that needs a severe punishment. Generally, the Greek idea of hubris is that a man or woman in an authoritative position turns into so happy with his terrific characteristics that he forms a delusion that he is same to gods, and sooner or later he tries to defy the gods and his fate.
Examples of Hubris in Literature
Hubris examples also are examples of “hamartia,” a sad flaw in a person that brings approximately his tragic downfall.
Example #1: Oedipus Rex (By Sophocles)
In the well-known Greek tragedy Oedipus Rex, with the aid of Sophocles, the person of King Oedipus presents a classic instance of a man or woman who suffers from hubris, or excessive delight. Due to his hubris, he tries to defy prophecies of gods, but ended up doing what he feared the most, and what he turned into warned towards. The Oracle of Delphi informed him that he might kill his father and marry his mother.
Overcome by means of hubris, Oedipus tries to avoid this by using leaving Corinth, traveling closer to Thebes. On his manner to the neighboring metropolis, he kills an vintage man in a feud, and later marries the queen of Thebes, as he become made king of the metropolis after he saved the town from a deadly sphinx. One can say that he commits all these sins in complete ignorance, but however he merits punishment due to the fact he have become so proud that he does now not shy from trying to rebel in opposition to his destiny. His reversal of fortune is resulting from his hubris.
Example #2: Paradise Lost (By John Milton)
In his well-known epic Paradise Lost, John Milton portrays Satan as a person that suffers from hubris. His loses his wonderful position thru giving in to his excessive pleasure. It was his hubris that made him try to take manipulate over Heaven. Although he failed miserably, his pride lasts:
“Better to reign in Hell, than serve in Heav’n.”
The reason of his desire to rebel against his author originates from his reluctance to simply accept the authority of God and His Son because he believed that angels are “self-begot, self-raised” and consequently bringing his downfall in being thrown out of Paradise.
Example #3: Doctor Faustus (By Christopher Marlowe)
An example of hubris can be spotted in Marlowe’s “Doctor Faustus”. Faustus’s conceitedness and extreme delight in his scholarship and his irresistible preference to emerge as advanced to all other guys of his age forces him to sell his soul to “Lucifer” by way of signing a contract along with his blood. He learns the art of black magic and defies Christianity. Finally, he has to pay for his conceitedness and delight. The devils cast off his soul to Hell and he suffers everlasting damnation.
Example #4: Frankenstein (By Mary Shelley)
Likewise, “Victor” the protagonist of Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein” famous hubris in his undertaking to become an unmatched scientist. He creates a “monster” named “Frankenstein” which ultimately will become the purpose of his disaster.
Function of Hubris
In literature, portrayal of hubristic characters serves to reap a moralistic end. Such characters are finally punished hence giving a moral lesson to the target market and the readers so that they're motivated to improve their characters through removing the issues that can reason a tragedy in their lives. Witnessing a sad hero suffering because of his hubristic actions, the audience or the readers might also worry that the identical fate may additionally befall them if they bask in similar forms of actions.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw