Tautology is the repetitive use of terms or words that have similar meanings. In simple phrases, it's far expressing the identical thing, an concept, or saying, two or extra times. The word tautology is derived from the Greek word tauto, meaning “the equal,” and logos, meaning “a phrase or an idea.” A grammatical tautology refers to an concept repeated inside a phrase, paragraph, or sentence to offer an impression that the writer is providing extra information.
Tautologies are very not unusual inside the English language because of the massive variety of phrases it has borrowed from different languages. Given the truth that, all through its evolution, the English language has been substantially influenced by several other languages – along with Germanic and Latin – it isn't always unusual to find several distinctive tautologies. This is how tautologies can regularly be located in English poetry and prose.
Types of Tautology
There are numerous styles of tautology that are generally used in normal life, in poetry, in prose, in songs, and in discussions, relying on the necessities of a situation. Some of the common categories include:
Repetitive words used because of inadequacies within the language
Speech by using inept speaker or narrator
Examples of Tautology in Literature
Tautology is regularly burdened with repetition. Some government say repetition uses the equal phrases, while tautology uses words with comparable meanings. That tautology is the repetition – no longer of words, but of ideas. Others say there may be no clear difference among the , that tautology consists of the repetition of phrases. To understand this better, read the subsequent examples of Tautology.
“Your appearing is absolutely without emotion.”
Devoid is described as “completely empty.” Thus, completely devoid is an instance of tautology.
“Repeat that again,” and “reiterate again.“
To repeat or reiterate something is to do or say it again.
Example #3: Shout It Out Loud! (By Kiss)
“Shout it, shout it, shout it out loud!”
When someone shouts, it is continually aloud.
Example #4: (By Yogi Berra)
“This is like deja vu throughout again” (Yogi Berra)
The time period déjà vu manner to have a feeling of having formerly finished or experienced something, or to be doing it all over again. “Déjà vu all over again” is an instance of tautology.
Example #5: The Wasteland (By T. S. Eliot)
The emphatic function of tautology exhibits itself in the instance given below:
“To Carthage then I came
Burning burning burning burning.”
Thomas Stern Eliot shows the emphatic characteristic of tautology, using the word “burning” repeatedly inside the equal line.
Example #6: Hamlet (By William Shakespeare)
In some excerpts, tautology is used intentionally that involves derision inherent in it.
Polonious: “What do you read, my lord?”
Hamlet: “Words, phrases, phrases.”
Here Hamlet has used words in order to show that he's lost in phrases that Polonius is well-known in using.
Example #7: The Bells (By Edgar Allen Poe)
“Keeping time, time, time,
In a type of Runic rhyme…
From the bells, bells, bells, bells.”
Example #8: The Wasteland (By T. S. Eliot)
“Twit twit twit/ Jug jug jug jug jug jug“
Example #9: The Hollow Men (By T. S. Eliot)
“This is the way the arena ends
This is the way the world ends
This is the way the arena ends
Not with a bang however a whimper.”
Here, different kinds of tautologies were utilized in a technical way of repetition, which dominates others, which include figures of speech, imitation, and ornamentation. All of above examples would possibly appear inside the every day use of language, and additionally as poetic devices.
Example #10: The Holy Bible (By Various Authors)
Unlike the inventive proposal constructed into the preceding types of redundancy, here are a couple of tautology examples with psychological implications. The speakers display the acceptance of their destiny in these styles of repetition:
“If I perish, I perish.”
“If I be bereaved (of my children), I am bereaved.”
Function of Tautology
The significance of tautology can not be denied in modern-day literary writing. Today, however, writers strive to avoid the use of tautological words and phrases to avoid monotony and repetition. It has almost become a norm to present quick and to-the-factor language as opposed to repetitious and redundant terms.
Despite it being counted as a major style error, several writers usually use tautology as a powerful device to emphasize a specific concept, or to attract their readers’ interest to a certain aspect of life. But it isn't always usually taken as a nice of poor grammar; rather it's been taken as a specific rhetorical device.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw