Anapest is a poetic tool defined as a metrical foot in a line of a poem that contains 3 syllables wherein the first syllables are quick and unstressed, followed with the aid of a 3rd syllable that is lengthy and pressured. For example: “I should end my journey alone.” Here, the anapestic foot is marked in bold.
Difference Between Anapest and Dactyl
Anapest is referred to as antidactylus, since it is a reverse pattern of dactyl meter. The distinction is that anapest includes 3 syllables, wherein the first are unstressed and the last one is careworn, in an unstressed/unstressed/confused pattern. However, dactyl is the opposite of this sample. It is a metrical foot that includes 3 syllables in which the first syllables are pressured, and the last one is unstressed, such as stressed/burdened/unstressed sample.
Examples of Anapest in Literature
Example #1: The Destruction of Sennacherib (By Lord Byron)
“The Assyrian came down like the wolf on the fold,
And his cohorts have been glowing in pink and gold;
And the sheen in their spears was like stars at the sea,
When the blue wave rolls nightly on deep Galilee.
Like the leaves of the forest when Summer is green,
That host with their banners at sundown have been seen:
Like the leaves of the forest while Autumn hath blown…
For the Angel of Death unfold his wings at the blast…
And their hearts but as soon as heaved, and for all time grew still!”
Byron has written this poem in anapestic tetrameter sample, which consists of four anapests in every line. In this extract, anapests are marked in bold. The whole poem has the same sample, where the first syllables are unstressed, accompanied by means of a third confused syllable.
Example #2: Verses Supposed to Be Written by way of Alexander Selkirk (By William Cowper)
“I am monarch of all I survey,
My right there is none to dispute;
From the centre all round to the sea,
I am lord of the fowl and the brute.
Oh, solitude! wherein are the charms…
Better dwell inside the midst of alarms…
I am out of humanity’s reach,
I ought to end my journey alone,
Never hear the sweet tune of speech…
They are so unacquaintted with man,
Their tameness is stunning to me…”
This poem shows examples of anapests and iamb combinations. And at some places, iambs are substituted through anapests. The poem is written in anapestic trimeter in every line, this means that there are 3 anapests in every line.
Example #3: ‘Twas the Night earlier than Christmas (By Clement Clarke Moore)
” ‘Twas the night earlier than Christmas, when for the duration of the house
Not a creature became stirring, not even a mouse;
The stockings have been hung by the chimney with care…
While visions of sugar plums danced in their heads…
had just settled our brains for an extended winter‘s nap…
As dry leaves that before the wild storm fly,
when they meet with an obstacle, mount to the sky…
with the sleigh complete of toys, and St. Nicholas too.”
This poem is a perfect example of anapest, which runs throughout the poem. Most of the traces are following anapestic tetrameter. Like in the first line, there are 4 anapests. However, 3 anapests also are used in other traces.
Example #4: The Cloud (By Percy Bysshe Shelley)
“May have damaged the woof of my tent’s skinny roof,
The stars peep behind her and peer;
And I chuckle to peer them whirl and flee,
Like a swarm of golden bees,
When I widen the rent in my wind-built tent…
Are every paved with the moon and these…
And the Moon’s with a girdle of pearl;
The volcanoes are dim, and the stars reel and swim,
When the whirlwinds my banner unfurl…
Sunbeam-proof, I hold like a roof,
The mountains its columns be.
The triumphal arch via which I march…
When the Powers of the air are chained to my chair…
While the moist Earth became giggling below.”
This poem is also a superb instance of anapest. Each long line has three anapests (anapestic trimeter) followed by using shorter strains with anapests (anapestic dimeter). It is lending rhythm and everyday beats to the poem.
Function of Anapest
It enables create inventive traces with a ordinary meter in a poem. Since anapest results in a stressed syllable, it makes robust rhyming traces that create music in a poem. It plays a very important function in poetry, and the most common position in verse is that of a comedian meter, which is, the foot used within the limerick for comical effects.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw