Characterization is a literary device this is used step-by means of-step in literature to spotlight and provide an explanation for the information about a character in a story. It is within the preliminary level in which the writer introduces the individual with considerable emergence. After introducing the man or woman, the writer frequently talks approximately his conduct; then, as the story progresses, the thought-techniques of the character.
The next level entails the character expressing his critiques and ideas, and moving into conversations with the rest of the characters. The very last part indicates how others in the tale respond to the individual’s personality.
Characterization as a literary tool became coined within the mid fifteenth century. Aristotle in his Poetics argued that “tragedy is a representation, now not of men, but of motion and life.” Thus the assertion of the dominance of plot over characters, termed “plot-driven narrative,” is unmistakable. This factor of view was later abandoned by way of many due to the fact, inside the 19th century, the dominance of man or woman over plot became clean via petty bourgeois novels.
Types of Characterization
An writer can use two techniques to deliver statistics approximately a individual and build an picture of it. These two styles of characterization include:
Direct or express characterization
This kind of characterization takes a direct method toward constructing the character. It makes use of another individual, narrator, or the protagonist himself to inform the readers or target market approximately the subject.
Indirect or implicit characterization
This is a more diffused way of introducing the individual to the audience. The target audience has to infer for themselves the traits of the man or woman by way of observing his/her notion process, behavior, speech, way of talking, appearance, and way of communication with other characters, in addition to by way of discerning the reaction of different characters.
Characterization in Drama
On stage or in front of the camera, actors usually do now not have tons time to characterize. For this reason, the person faces the threat of coming across as underdeveloped. In dramaturgy, realists take a different approach, through counting on implied characterization. This is pivotal to the theme of their character-pushed narrative. Examples of these playwrights are Anton Chekhov, Henrik Ibsen, and August Strindberg.
Classic mental characterization examples, consisting of The Seagull, typically construct the main man or woman in a greater indirect manner. This technique is taken into consideration greater effective because it slowly discloses the internal turmoil of the man or woman, over the course of the show, and we could the target audience connect better.
The actors who act in such roles generally paintings on them profoundly to get an in-depth concept of the personalities of their respective characters. Often, throughout such shows, plays, or dramas, no direct statements approximately the character’s nature are found. This sort of realism desires the actors to construct the person from their very own perspective initially. This is why realistic characterization is greater of a subtle art, which can not at once be recognized.
Examples of Characterization in Literature
Example #1: The Great Gatsby (By F. Scott Fitzgerald)
There are many examples of characterization in literature. The Great Gatsby, is probably the best. In this unique book, the main concept revolves around the social reputation of each individual. The major individual of the book, Mr. Gatsby, is perceptibly wealthy, but he does now not belong to the higher stratum of society. This means that he cannot have Daisy. Tom is largely described by using his wealth and the abusive nature that he portrays each now and then, whilst Daisy is explained with the aid of Gatsby as having a voice “complete of money.”
Another technique to spotlight the qualities of a man or woman is to position them in certain areas which are symbolic of a social repute. In the radical, Gatsby resides inside the West Egg, which is considered much less modern than East Egg, in which Daisy lives. This distinction factors out the space among Jay’s and Daisy’s social statuses. Moreover, you may additionally word that Tom, Jordan, and Daisy live in East Egg whilst Gatsby and Nick reside in West Egg, which once more highlights the difference in their economic background. This division is bolstered at the quit of the radical whilst Nick helps Gatsby against the rest of the folk.
Occupations have additionally been used very tactfully within the novel to spotlight characteristics of certain protagonists. The top example is Gatsby who, no matter being so rich, is known by means of his profession: bootlegging. He had an illegal process that earned him a fortune, however failed to get him into the top elegance of New York society. In contrast, Nick has a clean and truthful activity of a “bond man” that defines his man or woman. The poor man Wilson, who fixes rich people’s cars, befriends his wife; and then there may be Jordon, who's offered as a unethical golfing pro.
Function of Characterization
Characterization is an critical issue in writing desirable literature. Modern fiction, in particular, has taken brilliant advantage of this literary tool. Understanding the role of characterization in storytelling is very important for any writer. To placed it briefly, it allows us make experience of the conduct of any individual in a tale by way of assisting us recognize their idea tactics. A precise use of characterization continually leads the readers or target audience to narrate higher to the activities taking place in the tale. Dialogues play a very essential position in growing a individual, due to the fact they provide us an opportunity to observe the motivations and actions of the characters more deeply.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw