Connotation refers to a meaning this is implied by a word aside from the factor which it describes explicitly. Words bring cultural and emotional institutions or meanings, further to their literal meanings or denotations.
For instance, “Wall Street” literally method a avenue located in Lower Manhattan, however connotatively it refers to wealth and power.
Positive and Negative Connotations
Words might also have fantastic or terrible connotations that rely on the social, cultural, and personal experiences of individuals. For example, the phrases childish, childlike and younger have the equal denotative, however extraordinary connotative, meanings. Childish and childlike have a negative connotation, as they discuss with immature conduct of someone. Whereas, younger implies that a person is lively and energetic.
Common Connotation Examples
Below are some connotation examples. Their advised meanings are shaped by means of cultural and emotional associations:
“He’s this kind of canine.” – In this sense, the phrase dog connotes shamelessness, or ugliness.
“That woman is a dove at heart.” – Here, the dove implies peace or gentility.
“There’s no vicinity like home.” – While home may additionally refer to the actual building a person lives in, connotatively, it most often refers to family, comfort, and security.
“What do you assume from a politician?” – Politician has a terrible connotation of wickedness and insincerity. To imply sincerity, the phrase statesperson might be used.
“That woman is so pushy!” – Pushy refers to a person who's loud-mouthed, insisting, and irritating.
“My mother and father worked hard to position me via college.” – The words Mom and Dad, while used in place of mother and father, connote loving parents, alternatively than clearly biological parents.
Examples of Connotation in Literature
In literature, it is a not unusual exercise among writers to deviate from the literal meanings of phrases that allows you to create novel ideas. Figures of speech often employed by means of writers are examples of such deviations.
Example #1: Sonnet 18 (By William Shakespeare)
Metaphors are phrases that connote meanings that go past their literal meanings. Shakespeare, in his Sonnet 18, says:
“Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day…”
Here, the phrase “a Summer’s Day” implies the equity of his liked.
Example #2: The Sun Rising (By John Donne)
Similarly, John Donne says in his poem The Sun Rising says:
“She is all states, and all princes, I.”
This line indicates the speaker’s perception that he and his liked are wealthier than all the states, kingdoms, and rulers within the complete world due to their love.
Example #3: The Merchant of Venice (By William Shakespeare)
Irony and satire showcase connotative meanings, as the meant meanings of phrases are opposite to their literal meanings. For example, we see a sarcastic commentary made through Antonio to Shylock, the Jew, in William Shakespeare’s play The Merchant of Venice:
“Hie thee, mild Jew.
The Hebrew will turn Christian: he grows kind.”
The word “Jew” typically had a bad connotation of wickedness, while “Christian” demonstrated superb connotations of kindness.
Example #4: The Animal Farm (By George Orwell)
George Orwell’s allegorical novel Animal Farm is full of examples of connotation. The moves of the animals at the farm illustrate the greed and corruption that arose after the Communist Revolution of Russia. The pigs inside the novel connote depraved and powerful individuals who can change the ideology of a society. In addition, Mr. Jones (the owner of the farm), represents the overthrown Tsar Nicholas II; and Boxer, the horse, represents the laborer class.
Example #5: Julius Caesar (By William Shakespeare)
Metonymy is another parent of speech that makes use of connotative or suggested meanings, because it describes a issue with the aid of citing something else with which it's miles closely connected. For example, Mark Anthony, in Act III of Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, says:
“Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears.”
Here, the word “ear” connotes the idea of people listening to him attentively.
Example #6: Out, Out (By Robert Frost)
Read the subsequent traces from Robert Frost’s poem Out, Out:
“As he swung towards them maintaining up the hand
Half in appeal, but half of as though to keep
The life from spilling”
In the line “The existence from spilling,” the word “existence” connotes “blood.” It does make experience as well because lack of blood may additionally motive lack of life.
Example #7: As you Like It (By William Shakespeare)
Connotation provides the idea for symbolic meanings of words because symbolic meanings of items are distinctive from their literal sense. Look at the subsequent lines from Shakespeare’s play As you Like It:
“All the world’s a stage,
And all of the males and females merely players;
They have their exits and their entrances;
And one man in his time performs many elements …”
Here, a level connotes the world; players suggests human beings; and components implies extraordinary tiers of their lives.
Function of Connotation
In literature, connotation paves way for creativity via using figures of speech like metaphor, simile, symbolism, and personification. Had writers contented themselves with simplest the literal meanings, there would had been no manner to evaluate abstract thoughts to concrete concepts, in order to deliver readers a better understanding. Therefore, connotative meanings of words allow writers to feature to their works dimensions which might be broader, more vivid, and fresher.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw