Every day, human beings examine things, places, and people. They evaluate things and gadgets the usage of unique phrases inclusive of than, more, or much less, etc. This assessment is called “comparative shape.” In grammar, a comparative is an adjective or adverb form used to make a assessment between two nouns, along with human beings, places, or matters, to describe actions (verbs), or the phrases describing verbs (different adverbs).
For example, within the excerpt ” ‘Take a few extra tea,’ the March Hare stated to Alice, very earnestly. ‘I’ve had nothing yet,’ Alice spoke back in an angry tone, ‘so I can’t take more.’ ‘You suggest you can’t take less,’ said the Hatter: ‘it’s very smooth to take more than nothing.’ ” (Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass, by using Lewis Carroll) See that all underlined words in the above strains are comparatives.
Characteristics of Comparatives
One Syllable Comparatives/Adjectives
One syllable comparatives are made via adding “-er” to the base shape of the adjective, or one-syllable adverb. For instance:
This get dressed is brighter than that dress.
They may additionally reach higher than us.
Two Syllables Comparatives/Adjectives
Two syllables comparatives/adjectives are made through replacing “-y” with “-ier,” if the base form of a -syllable comparative ends in”-y.” For instance:
She is funnier than you.
Two, three, or more Syllables Comparatives/Adjectives
These comparatives are made through adding “extra” or “much less” before three-syllable adjectives, or adverbs ending in “-ly.” For example:
This ebook is more costly than that ebook.
He plays more fantastically now that he's grown.
Common Use of Comparatives
This house is higher than that one.
They are searching happier
Today the stores are extra crowded than yesterday.
English lessons are greater enjoyable than mathematics classes.
She is taller than her sister.
Examples of Comparatives in Literature
Example #1: Right Ho, Jeeves (By P.G. Wodehouse)
“He had been searching like a dead fish. He now gave the look of a deader fish, one of ultimate year’s, cast up on a few lonely seashore and left there on the mercy of the wind and tides.”
In this instance, the comparative is shown underlined as “deader.” This affords a single syllable adjective or comparative, to which “-er” has been added on the end.
Example #2: I’ll Mature When I’m Dead (via Dave Barry)
“[W]e did learn some important life training from sports. I learned, for example, that even though I was now not as huge, or fast, or strong, or coordinated as the alternative kids, if I worked genuinely hard–if I gave 100 percent and in no way quit–I would nevertheless be smaller, slower, weaker, and less coordinated than the other kids.”
This is another suitable example of single syllable and or extra syllable comparatives. The single syllable adjectives are “small,” “slow,” and “weak.” The instance of a or more syllable comparative is “much less coordinated.”
Example #3: Lost Worlds (with the aid of Michael Bywater)
“Keg beer … poured at random, were given everywhere, and constantly ran out. But in its benign gleam, the tune sounded higher, the lights were softer, the women greater beautiful and doubtlessly yielding, oneself manlier, one’s friends friendlier, the night time darker, the stars brighter, the moon fuller, the air warmer, the hour later, the future brighter, the present aching with that unique adolescent promise which does not need to be fulfilled to make it miraculous.”
This excerpt offers an wonderful instance of all types of comparatives, the unmarried-syllable comparatives include “better,” “softer,” “darker,” “brighter,” “fuller,” “warmer,” and “later.” The -syllable comparatives are “manlier” and “friendlier. Two or more than two syllables comparative include “more beautiful.”
Example #4: The Sacred and Profane Love Machine (via Iris Murdoch)
“After a 2d of shock he had identified Edgar Demarnay. They had now not met for several years. An Edgar grown fatter and grosser and older, but Edgar nevertheless, with his huge red boy’s face and his fats lips and his copious brief fluffy hair now light grey in preference to pale gold.”
There are three comparatives in this example: “fatter,” “grosser,” and “older.” Through the given comparatives, the author has defined the physical features of a character, Edgar.
Function of Comparatives
The basic feature of comparatives is to a make evaluation between people or things. They assist define and describe humans, things, and actions. By comparing things, in fact, comparatives highlight the best or terrible traits of the two things being compared, and permit the audience see it. Also, they provide a better know-how of the things and people.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw