Monologue comes from the Greek words monos, which means “alone,” and logos, which means “speech.” It is a literary device this is the speech or verbal presentation given with the aid of a unmarried character in an effort to specific his or her collection of thoughts and ideas aloud. Often such a individual speaks without delay to target audience, or to another man or woman. Monologues are discovered in dramatic medium like movies and plays, and also in non-dramatic medium like poetry.
Types of Monologue
There are two sorts of monologue:
In indoors monologue, a person externalizes his mind, in order that the target audience can experience his internal thoughts. Often found in plays, movies, and novels, this technique is additionally called a “movement of awareness.” Internal monologue can bebroken similarly into two categories: direct and indirect. In an immediate indoors monologue, an writer does not show his presence, and at once exhibits his person. In an indirect indoors monologue, an writer seems as a commentator, guide, presenter, and selector.
In this type of monologue, a person speaks to the silent listener. This kind has theatrical qualities, hence, it is known as dramatic monologue, and is often utilized in poetry.
Difference Between a Monologue and a Soliloquy
Monologue and soliloquy are similar, as each are speeches presented by means of a unmarried person. But a primary distinction among them is that, in monologue, the speaker exhibits his mind to the target market, or to another person; whereas in a soliloquy, the speaker expresses his mind to himself, and it does now not involve some other characters.
Examples of Monologue in Literature
Example #1: The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock (By T. S. Eliot)
“And indeed there can be time
To wonder, ‘Do I dare?’ and, ‘Do I dare?’
Time to show back and descend the stair,
With a bald spot in the middle of my hair …
In a minute there is time
For choices and revisions which a minute will reverse.'”
This whole poem is written inside the form of a dramatic monologue, in which the poet is attempting to explore the reasons of ache and struggling of an insecure young man who's confused about whether or not or no longer he should attend a party. Eliot well-knownshows his mind to the target market approximately how Prufrock feels that, if he goes to the party, it'd disturb the entire universe.
Example #2: My Last Duchess (By Robert Browning)
“Even had you skill
In speech—(which I have no longer)—to make your will
Quite clear to such an one, and say, ‘Just this
Or that during you disgusts me; right here you miss,
Or there exceed the mark’ — and if she let
Herself be lessoned so, nor it seems that set
Her wits to yours, forsooth, and made excuse,
—E’en then could be a few stooping …”
This poem also provides an instance of a dramatic monologue, as it has a theatrical high-quality wherein the poet expresses his viewpoint thru the speech of his character. The unmarried speaker is addressing the servant of a count.
Example #3: Romeo and Juliet (By William Shakespeare)
“But soft, what light thru yonder window breaks?
It is the east and Juliet is the sun!
Arise, fair sun, and kill the green with envy moon,
Who is already sick and light with grief …
O that I were a glove upon that hand,
That I would possibly contact that cheek!”
This is a well-known balcony scene wherein Romeo hides inside the garden of the Capulet family, and waits for a glimpse of his loved Juliet. When she comes out on the balcony, Romeo makes use of monologue, sharing his mind with the target market.
Example #4: Mrs. Dalloway (By Virginia Woolf)
In her novel, Mrs. Dalloway, Virginia Woolf has offered her characters by way of the use of the technique of move of cognizance, or indoors monologue. The recognition of characters movements backward and forward. Woolf has molded and formed their personalities at crucial moments via interior monologue. Her precise deployment of this approach consists of authorial interjections to offer guidance to the readers and give form to the narrative.
Function of Monologue
The motive of writing in monologue is to deliver an concept or viewpoint thru words. However, on occasion we word a tricky a part of a writer’s expression, as the critiques of speaker and creator do no longer match, due to the fact he attempts to persuade the target audience, and won't tell the exact reality. It permits readers to move from one man or woman to another, and to have insight into their imaginations. A monologue serves as a fundamental source via which writers express their feelings and mind.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw