Metonymy is a discern of speech that replaces the call of a component with the name of some thing else with which it's far carefully associated. We can encounter examples of metonymy both from literature and in ordinary life.
Metonymy, Synecdoche, and Metaphor
Metonymy is regularly stressed with another figure of speech called “synecdoche.” These gadgets resemble one another, but aren't the same. Synecdoche refers to a component by way of the name of one in every of its parts. For example, calling a car “a wheel” is a synecdoche, as part of a car – the “wheel” – stands for the entire car.
In a metonymy, on the opposite hand, the phrase we use to describe another element is carefully linked to that particular thing, however is not a part of it. For example, the phrase “crown” is used to refer to power or authority is a metonymy. It is not part of the component it represents.
Metonymy is also distinct from a metaphor, which attracts resemblance among two different things. For instance, in the sentence, “You are daylight and I moon,” (Sun and Moon by means of Miss Saigon), sunlight and the moon, and people are pretty various things with none association. However, metaphor attempts to explain one thing in phrases of another primarily based on a meant similarity.
Metonymy, however, develops a relation at the grounds of near association, as in “The White House is concerned about terrorism.” The White House right here represents the people who paintings in it.
Examples of Metonymy in Everyday Life
For a better understanding, permit us look at a few metonymy examples:
“England decides to keep test on immigration.” (England refers to the government.)
“The pen is mightier than the sword.” (Pen refers to written phrases, and sword to army force.)
“The Oval Office was busy in paintings.” (The Oval Office is a metonymy, because it stands for folks that work within the office.)
“Let me provide you with a hand.” (Hand approach help.)
Examples of Metonymy in Literature
Example #1: Julius Caesar (By William Shakespeare)
The given lines are from Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, Act I:
“Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears.”
Mark Anthony uses “ears” to say that he needs the humans gift to concentrate to him attentively. It is a metonymy due to the fact the word “ears” replaces the idea of paying attention.
Example #2: Gone with the Wind (By Margaret Mitchell)
This line is from Margaret Mitchell’s novel Gone with the Wind:
“I’m mighty satisfied Georgia waited till after Christmas before it secedes or it would have ruined the Christmas parties.”
Scarlett makes use of the word “Georgia” to point out the whole lot that makes up the kingdom: its citizens, politicians, and the government. It is a metonymy extremely commonplace within the contemporary world, where the name of a country or kingdom refers to an entire country and its government. Thus, it renders brevity to the thoughts.
Example #3: Out, Out (By Robert Frost)
These lines are taken from Out, Out, by using Robert Frost:
“As he swung toward them maintaining up the hand
Half in appeal, but 1/2 as though to keep
The lifestyles from spilling“
In these strains, the expression “The lifestyles from spilling” refers back to the spilling of blood. It develops a link among lifestyles and blood. The loss of an excessive amount of blood method loss of existence.
Example #4: Yet Do I Marvel (By Countee Cullen)
These traces are from Countee Cullen’s poem Yet Do I Marvel:
“The little buried mole continues blind,
Why flesh that reflect Him must in the future die…”
Here, Cullen uses “flesh” to represent human beings, and questions God about why we have to die when we're created in His likeness.
Example #5: Lycidas (By John Milton)
These strains are from Lycidas, written by John Milton:
“But now my oat proceeds,
And listens to the herald of the sea
That got here in Neptune’s plea,
He requested the waves, and requested the felon winds,
What difficult mishap hath doomed this mild swain?”
In the above-mentioned traces, John Milton uses “oat” for a musical instrument comprised of an oat stalk. Thus, “oat” represents the music that the poet is composing next to the ocean.
Function of Metonymy
Generally, metonymy is used in developing literary symbolism, that means it offers extra profound meanings to otherwise commonplace ideas and objects. Texts showcase deeper or hidden meanings, as a result drawing readers’ attention. In addition, the usage of metonymy helps gain conciseness. For instance, “Rifles had been guarding the gate” is more concise than “The guards with rifles in their hands have been guarding the gate.”
Furthermore, like different literary gadgets, metonymy is employed to feature a poetic coloration to words to cause them to come to lifestyles. The simple ordinary matters are described in a creative way to insert this “life” issue to literary works.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw