The time period surrealism indicates a particular notion and motion in literature, the arts, and theatre, which tries to integrate the burdened realms of creativeness and reality. The proponents of surrealism endeavor to combine up the differences of conscious and unconscious idea through writing and painting by means of using irrational juxtaposition of pictures.
Initiated by way of André Breton (1896-1966), surrealism is a sort of artistic motion started in the French capital, Paris, all through the 1920s. This movement lasted till the 1940s. Breton, a famous author in addition to a philosopher, boosted this movement similarly via publishing his manifesto, “The Manifesto of Surrealism.”
Although it gave new dimensions to art, it turned into no longer a political manifesto. The manifesto states that, horrified through the destruction due to the world wars and next confusion, artwork and literature confronted numerous political demanding situations in resolving those confusions, the reaction of which emerged in the shape of surrealism. This movement rather aimed at stopping bloody revolutions via breaking the limitations placed on arts and literature by way of the politics of that time.
Examples of Surrealism in Literature
Example #1: Freedom Of Love (By Andre Breton)
“My wife with the hair of a wood fire
With the mind of warmth lightning
With the waist of an hourglass
With the waist of an otter inside the enamel of a tiger
My wife with the lips of a cockade and of a bunch of stars of the final magnitude
With the tooth of tracks of white mice on the white earth
With the tongue of rubbed amber and glass
My spouse with the tongue of a stabbed host.”
This is certainly one of the high-quality examples of surrealist poetry by Andre Breton. These lines were taken from his poem “Freedom of Love.” See the irrationality in photos approximately his wife and a timber fire, an hourglass, and tooth of a tiger. None of these photographs have any relation. They have been just irrationally prepare to demonstrate the mind of the poet, and a state of affairs of the reality in which he is living.
Example #2: Dark Poet (by way of Antonin Artaud)
“Dark Poet, a maid’s breast
Embittered poet, lifestyles seethes
And existence burns,
And the sky reabsorbs itself in rain,
Your pen scratches at the heart of life.”
These lines have been taken from poem “Dark Poet” by using Antonin Artaud. This poem juxtaposes the poet with the breasts that is pretty irrational and hence surreal.
Example #3: A Season in Hell (by Arthur Rimbaud)
“A while back, if I recall right, my lifestyles was one long birthday party in which all hearts were open wide, wherein all wines kept flowing.
One night, I sat Beauty down on my lap.—And I observed her galling.—And I roughed her up.
I armed myself against justice.
I ran away. O witches, O misery, O hatred, my treasure’s been turned over to you!
Just check the photographs presented within the first few strains of this poem by way of Arthur Rimbaud. These are contradictory and irrational snap shots. That is why “A Season in Hell” is one in all the excellent surreal poems.
Example #4: Hidden Faces (through Salvador Dali, translated through Chevalier)
“Then an unheard-of being, unheard-of beings, will be visible to rise, their brains compressed by means of sonorous helmets, their temples pierced by means of the whistling of air waves, their our bodies naked, became yellow with the aid of fever, pocked by deep vegetal stigmata swarming with bugs and crammed to the brim with the slimy juices of venom, overflowing and running down a skin tiger-striped and leopard-spotted via the gangrene of wounds and the leprosy of camouflage, their swollen bellies plugged to death through electric umbilical chords [sic] tangling with the ignominiousness of torn intestines and bits of flesh, roasting in the burning steel carapaces of the punitive tortures of gutted tanks.
That is man! Backs of lead, sexual organs of fire, fears of mica, chemical hearts of the televisions of blood, hidden faces and wings — always wings, the north and south of our being!”
This excerpt has been taken from “Hidden Faces,” a singular through Salvador Dali. It makes use of irrational pix to explain a person.
Function of Surrealism
Life became topsy-turvy after two international wars. Literature and art faced the catch 22 situation of imparting this topsy-turvy country of thoughts in phrases or colors. The artists and writers of that time tried to resolve this example by way of offering ordinary and shocking snap shots in their writings and paintings. This method of offering images helps the readers and the audiences connect to the careworn nation of mind of that time, and of the people residing after the two world wars. Surrealism is a illustration of this confusion. It makes people aware of bizarre truth around them. They join themselves with this fact and become acquainted with it.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw