Romanticism is one of the ordinary themes which can be linked to both imagination, idealism, inspiration, intuition, or individualism. The topic regularly criticizes the past, stresses upon sensibility, isolation of the writer and pays homage to nature. Preceded through Enlightenment, Romanticism brought now not most effective sparkling poetry but also high-quality novels in English Literature. Started from England and spread during Europe such as the United States, the Romantic motion includes well-known writers inclusive of William Wordsworth, Coleridge, Keats, Lord Byron, Shelley, Chatterton, and Hawthorne.
Etymologically, romantic has been modified from the French word romaunt which means a story of chivalry. After two German writers Schlegel brothers used this phrase for poetry, it converted into a motion like a virulent disease and spread at some stage in Europe.
Examples of Romanticism in Literature
To Autumn by John Keats
“Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness,
Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun;
Conspiring with him how to load and bless
With fruit the vines that spherical the thatch-eves run;
To bend with apples the moss’d cottage-trees,
And fill all fruit with ripeness to the core;
To swell the gourd, and plump the hazel shells
With a sweet kernel; to set budding more,
And nevertheless more, later flowers for the bees,
Until they think warm days will by no means cease,
For summer season has o’er-brimm’d their clammy cells.”
This is one of the best romantic poems of its time. Keats composed this out of the ordinary romantic poem all through one in all his evenings in Winchester. It describes the fall and its capabilities via imagination, intuition, and idealism. Keats describes three stages of autumn as it progresses from early autumn to mid-autumn and the onset of iciness and compares it to the cycle of lifestyles in general.
To a Skylark via Percy Bysshe Shelley
“We look earlier than and after,
And pine for what is now not:
Our sincerest laughter
With some ache is fraught;
Our sweetest songs are people who inform of saddest thought.
Yet if we ought to scorn
Hate, and pride, and fear;
If we had been matters born
Not to shed a tear,
I know no longer how thy joy we ever ought to come near.”
The above lines show a strong inclination to the expression of subjectivity or individuality of the poet in his poetry. Although Shelley is writing about the skylark, he expressed his personal emotions of sorrow inside the poem and associated them to the song of the bird. This romantic trait runs throughout the poem.
Frankenstein by using Mary Shelley
Frankenstein is one of the high-quality examples of romantic novels. It indicates the concept of how supernatural works in an surroundings in which the pursuit of understanding and discovery of Victor Frankenstein overpowers him a lot so that he forgets the moral aspects of life and creation. He rather will become a godlike man or women and creates a monster in preference to a human. Moreover, the radical has additionally stressed upon feelings of affection and romance. The monster’s intense preference to have a mate factors to the theme of romanticism.
Daffodils with the aid of William Wordsworth
“I wandered lonely as a cloud
That floats on excessive o’er vales and hills,
When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, below the trees,
Fluttering and dancing within the breeze.
Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the milky manner,
They stretched in never-finishing line
Along the margin of a bay:
Ten thousand saw I at a glance,
Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.”
In this poem, Wordsworth has elaborated his personal feelings as he sees daffodils and the entirety else round him. He continues to explain the beauty of nature not simplest inside the vegetation however additionally trees, stars, and the milky way galaxy.
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner with the aid of Samuel Taylor Coleridge
“It is an historic Mariner,
And he stoppeth one of three.
‘By thy long gray beard and glittering eye,
Now wherefore stopp’st thou me?
The Bridegroom’s doorways are opened wide,
And I am subsequent of kin;
The guests are met, the ceremonial dinner is set:
May’st listen the merry din.’
He holds him along with his skinny hand,
‘There turned into a ship,’ quoth he.
‘Hold off! Unhand me, grey-beard loon!’
Eftsoons his hand dropt he.”
These 3 stanzas tell a mysterious tale which contains factors of marvel and dream-like situation. The whole poem has those romantic factors inside the story of the ancient marine which has transformed it into a consultant poem of the romantic motion.
Romanticism Meaning and Function
Romanticism, as a movement in literature, has additionally led the writers and poets to create masterpieces having romantic elements. Romanticism as theme celebrates freedom and breaking conventional rules. Romanticism is also taken into consideration an active energy with functions to present our imagination.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw