Rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhyme that comes at the cease of every verse or line in poetry. In different words, it's far the shape of give up phrases of a verse or line that a poet wishes to create while writing a poem. Many poems are written in free verse style. Some other poems follow non-rhyming structures, paying attention handiest to the variety of syllables. The Japanese genre of Haiku is a case in point. Thus, it shows that the poets write poems in a selected form of rhyme scheme or rhyming pattern. There are several sorts of rhyme schemes as given below.
Types of Rhyme Scheme
There are a number of rhyme schemes utilized in poetry; a number of the most famous of which include:
Alternate rhyme: It is also known as ABAB rhyme scheme, it rhymes as “ABAB CDCD EFEF GHGH.”
Ballade: It consists of 3 stanzas with the rhyme scheme of “ABABBCBC” followed by means of “BCBC.”
Monorhyme: It is a poem in which every line makes use of the equal rhyme scheme.
Couplet: It incorporates two-line stanzas with the “AA” rhyme scheme, which frequently seems as “AA BB CC and DD…”
Triplet: It often repeats like a couplet, uses rhyme scheme of “AAA.”
Enclosed rhyme: It uses rhyme scheme of “ABBA”
Terza rima rhyme scheme: It uses tercets, three traces stanzas. Its interlocking sample on cease words follows: ABA BCB CDC DED and so on.
Keats Odes rhyme scheme: In his famous odes, Keats has used a selected rhyme scheme, which is “ABABCDECDE.”
Limerick: A poem makes use of five lines with a rhyme scheme of “AABBA.”
Villanelle: A nineteen-line poem consisting of five tercets and a final quatrain. It uses a rhyme scheme of “A1bA2, abA1, abA2, abA1, abA2, abA1A2.”
Short Examples of Rhyme Scheme
The solar is shining bright
This is a cute sight.
You are like a day of May
And I as worthless as hay.
This is bad Mr. Potter
Walking a road along with his daughter.
Sometimes, your unspoken phrase
Is more essential than that heard.
Little boy desires to consume cakes
Whenever he from sleep awakes.
I noticed a tree that to God doth say
I need the Lord to just accept my pray.
I suppose I can in no way see
Something as unfastened as a sea.
After so many days of drought down poured the rain
It took so long is if got here from Spain.
The green lawn shall we its color fall
Over the crimson old college hall.
There flows the river
That’s amongst the best giver.
Examples of Rhyme Scheme in Literature
Let us take some examples of most widely used rhyme schemes in literature:
Example #1: Neither Out Far nor in Deep (By Robert Frost)
The people along the sand (A)
All flip and look one way. (B)
They flip their back at the land. (A)
They take a look at the ocean all day. (B)
As long as it takes to pass (C)
A ship keeps raising its hull; (C)
The wetter ground like glass (D)
Reflects a status gull. (D)
This is an ABAB pattern of rhyme scheme, wherein every stanza applies this format. For instance, within the first stanza, “sand” rhymes with the word “land,” and “way” rhymes with the phrase “day.”
Example #2: Twinkle Twinkle Little Star (By Donald Barthelme)
Twinkle, twinkle, little star, (A)
How I wonder what you are. (A)
Up above the sector so high, (B)
Like a diamond in the sky. (B)
The following instance uses an AABB rhyme scheme. Here, the primary line ends within the word “star,” which rhymes with the final phrase of the second one line, “are.” Since each phrases rhyme with every different, they may be signified with letter “A.”
Example #3: Divine Comedy (By Dante Alighieri)
As I drew closer to the quit of all desire, (A)
I introduced my longing’s ardor to a very last height, (B)
Just as I ought. My vision, turning into pure, (A)
Entered more and more the beam of that high mild (B)
That shines on its very own truth. From then, my seeing (C)
Became too huge for speech, which fails at a sight… (B)
Dante has used terza rima tercet rhyming patterns (ABA, BCB, CDC …) on this poem, giving an affect of irresistible motion, in addition to dynamism.
Example #4: A Monorhyme for the Shower (By Dick Davis)
Lifting her fingers to cleaning soap her hair (A)
Her pretty breasts respond – and there (A)
The movement of that buoyant pair (A)
Is like a spell to make me swear… (A)
This poem presents an ideal example of monorhyme, wherein you’ll observe that every line results in a similar rhyme, “AAAA” like these words, “hair, there, pair, and swear.”
Example #5: Nature’s Way (By Heidi Campbell)
Upon a nice mid-spring day, A
Let’s take a look at Nature’s way. A
Breathe the scent of pleasant clean air, B
Feel the breeze inside your hair. B
The grass will poke between your toes, C
Smell the plants together with your nose. C
Clouds form shapes in the skies, D
And light will glisten out of your eyes D
This extract from a poem by way of Heidi Campbell has a beautiful rhyme scheme AA, BB, CC and DD.
Example #6: A Poison Tree (By William Blake)
I was irritated with my friend: A
I told my wrath, my wrath did give up. A
I was irritated with my foe: B
I informed it not, my wrath did grow. B
And I watered it in fears C
Night and morning with my tears; C
And I sunned it with smiles, D
And with tender deceitful wiles. D
This extract from William Blake’s poem has an tremendous rhyme scheme as AA, BB, CC, and DD.
Example #7: The One (By Crystal R. Adame)
The one who brought me down to earth, A
And held me each day. B
The one that gracefully gave me birth, A
And said, I love you in each way. B
The person who taught me everything, C
Like the way to move slowly and walk. D
The one who taught me how to sing C
After getting to know how to talk. D
Here, poet Crystal R. Adame makes dexterous use of rhyme scheme. The scheme runs like this: ABAB and CDCD.
Example #8: To A Terrific Dad (By David L. Helm)
To a dad who is terrific, A
To a dad who’s real neat. B
To a dad who makes the great of things, C
Even whilst they’re not so sweet! B
To a dad who’s growing older, D
To a dad who’s going gray. E
To a dad who just gets smarter, D
It would seem from day to day! E
These strains from the poem To a Terrific Dad have not begun another sort of rhyme scheme, which is distinct from all the previous examples. The rhyme scheme of this poem is ABCBDEDE.
Function of Rhyme Scheme
Rhyme scheme is an integral part of the charter of a poem, which incorporates meter, period of phrase, and rhythm. In fact, rhyme scheme, like other writing tools, is used to create stability and relieve tension, manage flow, create rhythm, and highlight crucial ideas. Its basic characteristic is to shape units of sound and suggest gadgets of sense. It also communicates the idea in a more effective way.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw