Procatalepsis is a parent of speech that is also acknowledged as “prebuttal,” or a “prolepsis,” wherein the speaker or writer offers reaction to the objection of an opponent in his speech through repeating his objection.
It could also be that he responds to his very own objection, so one can give a boost to his argument, with the aid of the use of counterarguments. Once the audio system bring attention to a likely rebuttal, they at once refute or discredit it, for the concern that humans might also get confused.
Examples of Procatalepsis in Literature
Example #1: The Captives (via Hugh Walpole)
” ‘I recognize what you’re going to say’ … ‘That if they study it well they’ll see that it wasn’t our fault. But will they look at it properly? Of route they won’t. You realize what cats they're …’ “
This example is a perfect description of procatalepsis. First, the speaker says that, if the reader looks at the problem carefully, he will recognize and know the truth. Then he quickly items to his own argument and asks a question instead.
Example #2: Apology (by means of Plato)
“Someone will say: ‘Yes, Socrates, however can't you maintain your tongue, and then you can go into a foreign city, and no person will intrude with you?’ Now I have tremendous issue in making you understand my answer to this … and that the lifestyles that's unexamined isn't worth living – which you are still less probable to trust. And yet what I say is true, despite the fact that a issue of which it is difficult for me to persuade you.”
In this instance, the speaker is persuading the listeners. He knows that the other character would now not consider him, and that he's not able to convince him in spite of the truth that he is telling the truth. Thus, the speaker is objecting to his personal argument to bolster it.
Example #3: The Scorpio Illusion (through Robert Ludlum)
” ‘He is aware of each harbor, each cove and inlet throughout the chain; he has to.’
” ‘Those are high-quality credentials, Geoffrey, however rarely the sort —’
” ‘Please,’ interrupted Cooke. ‘I haven’t finished. To expect your objection, he’s a retired officer of US Naval Intelligence. He’s especially young, early to mid-forties, I’d say, and I’ve no actual understanding of why he left the service, however I gather the circumstances weren’t very pleasant. Still, he may be an asset in this assignment.’ “
In this excerpt, the speaker uses procatalepsis by using describing the efforts and understanding of the U.S. Naval officer. First, he increases a question about why he left his job, then at once objects to his personal argument, responding that, because of unpleasant occasions, he had left the job.
Example #4: A Modest Proposal (by Jonathan Swift)
“I can think about nobody objection that will in all likelihood be raised against this proposal, unless it need to be entreated that the range of human beings can be thereby lots lessened inside the kingdom. This I freely personal, and it was indeed the most important layout in presenting it to the world.”
Here, Swift brings an argument that he can’t consider a single objection to his proposal; then he offers a quick argument that an objection is probably raised about the decrease inside the kingdom’s population.
Example #5: Amores 1.3 (by means of Ovid)
“Accept (me), one who is aware of [how] to like you with spotless faith.
Nor is my subject renewed by way of endless plows,
Act on my side, and Love, who offers me to you
And loyalty [which] will yield to no-one, morals without fault …
and that I die with you grieving (for me).
Offer yourself to me as worthy cloth for poems: …”
In this poem, Ovid is using procatalepsis to influence Corinna that he loves her extra than anyone; and although he isn't always rich, and does not have too much money, social status, or possessions, he is aware of that his poetry could make his cherished immortal.
This rhetorical device, procatalepsis, allows a author to remain in control of a discourse via the use of counterargument. It is additionally helpful to writers or audio system, in the event that they do no longer have a whole solution to an objection, which they gain by way of remaining sincere approximately truth that their arguments have problems.
This is how they display their target market that they're grounded within the truth. Since it is a very powerful tactic in arguments, its benefits are twofold: the speaker replies efficiently to the objection of the target audience or opposing arguments, and also builds consider together with his audience. Its usage is common in literary writings, advertisements, specifically within the political arena, in which it serves as a playground.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw