Often when we pay attention news memories and watch television shows, we want to inform our families, friends, and colleagues approximately what, how, and why something happened. In fact, we recount the story, its essential characters, and events in our own phrases. This method is referred to as paraphrasing, that is to explicit an concept or somebody’s message in our very own phrases, by keeping the that means of the unique material. Paraphrase is a Greek phrase, paraphrasis, which means “to tell in other words.” Simply, it's far to restate a declaration in one-of-a-kind phrases than the original textual content, whilst retaining the that means and sense of the unique source the equal.
Paraphrase and Summary
Both summarizing and paraphrasing use similar actions by means of involving almost the equal processes. However, their targets are special. Summary pursuits at condensing the authentic supply right into a shorter form. Paraphrase has no challenge with duration, however is a rewording or restating or the authentic source in distinct phrases, preserving the duration or word count almost the equal.
Examples of Paraphrase in Literature
Example #1: Romeo & Juliet (By Robert Burns)
“But soft, what mild thru yonder window breaks?
It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.
Arise, truthful sun, and kill the envious moon,
Who is already ill and light with grief,
That thou, her maid, artwork far more honest than she …
The brightness of her cheek might shame the ones stars
As sunlight hours doth a lamp; her eye in heaven
Would through the airy place circulation so bright
That birds would sing and assume it were now not night.”
Paraphrase: But please be patient the mild from that window. It is the east, and my love Juliet is the sun. Come up lovely sun, kill the jealous moon that is already sick and pale due to grief, as Juliet is extra stunning than the moon … The brightness of Juliet’s cheeks might surpass the brightness of stars, just like the sun’s mild outshines the mild of a lamp. If her eyes were inside the sky, they could be so bright through the spaces that birds might start singing, considering it become day mild.
Example #2: The Sun Rising (By John Donne)
“Busy antique fool, unruly sun,
Why dost thou thus,
Through windows and through curtains call on us?…
Shine here to us, and thou art everywhere;
This bed thy middle is, these partitions, thy sphere.”
Paraphrase: You nosy vintage silly busybody! The sun, you obey no everyday rules – why are you waking us up like this, interfering with our personal life by entering thru the home windows and curtains? … Go in advance and shine on us – at the same time as doing so that you will shine everywhere. This mattress is the center of the entire universe, around that you revolve, and the partitions of our room are like a sphere, which holds you in the heavens.
Example #3: Pride & Prejudice (By Jane Austen)
“It is a reality universally mentioned that a unmarried guy in ownership of an amazing fortune should be in want of a wife.”
Paraphrase: Everyone agrees in this point, that a wealthy man desires to have a wife.
Example #4: Macbeth (By William Shakespeare)
“Whence is that knocking?—
How is’t with me, when each noise appals me?
What fingers are right here! Ha, they pluck out mine eyes.
Will all awesome Neptune’s ocean wash this blood
Clean from my hand? No, this my hand will rather
The multitudinous seas incarnadine,
Making the inexperienced one red.”
Paraphrase: Where is this knocking coming from? Why does each noise frighten me? Whose arms are those plucking out my eyes? Will the ocean’s water wash the blood from my arms? No, as an alternative these fingers will alternate the shade of the water from inexperienced to red.
Function of Paraphrase
The paraphrasing method allows writers to trade the unique textual content, so that it does now not appearance the identical, but without converting its that means. Effective paraphrasing could help keep away from the danger of plagiarism. There are many functions of this literary technique; first, it allows the readers to understand what they have read, specifically when the syntax and diction of a author look foreign and complex to the reader. Secondly, it could direct the eye of the reader closer to the tone of the text and its large details. Finally, because it clears up the which means of the text, it enables readers to generate special questions from the paraphrasing text, along with whilst, what, and why some thing occurred.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw