The term nostalgia, or the feeling of homesickness, has been derived from a Homeric time period, “nostos,” which means that homecoming. Homer used this time period in his epic Odyssey, to show how homesick Odysseus grew whilst he freed himself from the war. However, the contemporary by-product of this term is clinical research, as a pupil through the name of Johannes Hofer coined this term at some stage in his look at of homesickness of mercenaries, which include the associated tension and mental ache he found amongst them.
However, in literature, nostalgia is employed to speak about a standard hobby inside the past, or the personalities of the beyond, and subsequent feelings of satisfaction or ache. The online Merriam-Webster dictionary defines nostalgia as, “satisfaction and unhappiness that is as a result of remembering something from the beyond and wishing which you could revel in it again.” Therefore, nostalgia is no longer handiest sadness or sickness, but additionally the satisfaction of remembering, or taking hobby in, the beyond. That is why the Romantic Movement in English literature has a unique association with nostalgia, specializing in the pleasure and ache of remembering the beyond.
Examples of Nostalgia in Literature
Example #1: Patriot into Traitor, strains 1-5 (By Robert Browning)
“It became roses, roses, all the way,
With myrtle jumbled in my direction like mad.
The house-roofs seemed to heave and sway,
The church-spires flamed, such flags they had,
A year ago on this very day!”
These are the hole traces from Robert Browning’s famous poem “Patriot into Traitor,” which suggests how nostalgic the king has emerge as about his past, while he's given a heroic welcome. The people gather everywhere to have his glance. However, after a time span of a year, everything adjustments. The human beings, who had been glad to welcome him at that time, are now eager to look him going to gallows. That is why he turns into nostalgic approximately the beyond.
Example #2: Little Dorrit (By Charles Dickens)
“For I should now confess to you that I suffer from home-sickness — that I lengthy so ardently and earnestly for home, as sometimes, when no person sees me, to pine for it. … So dearly do I love the scene of my poverty and your kindness. O so dearly, O so dearly!”
These traces are from Charles Dickens’ novel, Little Dorrit. This is Amy Dorrit’s dialogue, who can not overlook her past. On the other hand, all her circle of relatives members fake to have forgotten their beyond. Amy Dorrit has been so concerned with her beyond that she feels pangs of those glad times, and is pressured to reflect onconsideration on them. This is a superb instance of nostalgia by Charles Dickens.
Example #3: The Daffodils, traces 18-24 (By William Wordsworth)
“For oft, when on my sofa I lie
In vacant or in pensive temper,
They flash upon that inward eye
Which is the bliss of solitude;
And then my heart with satisfaction fills,
And dances with the daffodils.”
This stanza is a superb instance of Romantic nostalgic poetry. This is the last stanza of The Daffodils, with the aid of William Wordsworth. The poet, having seen lovely daffodils somewhere, now regularly sits on my own on his couch, recalling the equal scene, which brings him pride. This is an apt instance of pride in nostalgia, due to the fact the poet experienced tranquility and peace of thoughts within the agency of the flowers, and he nevertheless feels the identical afterward, when he's by myself at home.
Function of Nostalgia
Despite modifications in its that means over time, nostalgia has now not misplaced its importance in literature. It is utilized in poems, novels, and plays to rouse feelings of unhappiness or satisfaction a man or woman studies while recalling his past. It can be the memory of a past event, a victory, a love, or a relationship. It is usually employed to rouse the equal emotions most of the readers, so that they also could experience the tinge of ache, or a piece of affection for their close to or expensive ones. It can be used to evoke the emotions of delight the readers might feel for a few beyond happenings. Nostalgia has extra than one function to perform, which includes turning a mood from sadness to pride, increasing fine self-respect, and removing prejudice approximately the past events.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw