In literature, “motivation” is defined as a motive in the back of a person’s specific motion or behavior. This form of behavior is characterized via the man or woman’s own consent and willingness to do something.
There are two types of motivation: one is intrinsic, while the other one is extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation is related to personal pleasure, leisure and interest, whilst extrinsic motivation is connected to severa different possibilities. Extrinsic motivation comes from some physical reward consisting of money, power, or lust. Intrinsic motivation, on the other hand, is inspired with the aid of some inner praise which includes knowledge, satisfaction, or religious or emotional peace or wellbeing, etc.
Characters have a few motivation for each action, as do human beings in real life. Therefore, the implicit or express connection with a motivation of a character makes the piece of literature seem toward existence and reality.
Examples of Motivation in Literature
Example #1: Hamlet (By William Shakespeare)
All movements that Hamlet commits within the play are the end result of his motivation, along with revenge, justification, and integrity of his character. Throughout the play, revenge remains a constant motivation for Hamlet. He is extraordinarily grieved over his father’s death. His sorrow and grief are irritated while the Ghost of his father tells him that the murderer has not best taken the throne, however has taken his mom as his bride.
This becomes a motivation for Hamlet to justify his movements and precise revenge for “homicide maximum foul,” within the phrases of the Ghost. This motivation is similarly escalated when he sees his mom married to his uncle, the assassin. In fact, Hamlet unearths an opportunity to kill his uncle, but he does not, as King Claudius became praying at the time. Hamlet does not want to send the murderer’s soul to heaven. This motivation stops him from taking motion.
Example #2: Doctor Faustus (by using Christopher Marlow)
In his introductory soliloquy, Dr. Faustus well-knownshows his motivation very clearly. The chorus already confirms something he states within the soliloquy. The chorus informs the audiences of the play that Faustus obtained his academic diploma of doctorate in theology (religion). He earned a doctoral degree simplest to become “overinflated and conceited” for his own satisfaction. His self-centered questioning brings up his moral and spiritual downfall. He wants to know increasingly even something, which is past his capabilities. His motivation is delight in himself, which ultimately destroys him.
Example #3: Lady Macbeth from “Macbeth” (through William Shakespeare)
According to many literary critics about Shakespeare’s characters, the maximum evil of all his woman characters is Lady Macbeth, who occurs to have the worst motivation behind her moves. She is fairly cunning, skillfully manipulative, and much extra bold than her husband, Macbeth. When she receives a letter from her husband revealing the prophecy of the witches that foretells that Macbeth will be the future king, she immediately begins to plot the murder of Duncan.
Then, whilst Macbeth withdraws from taking action, she motivates and urges him to move forward. Therefore, not handiest are greed and lust her motivations, however she transfers those motivations to her husband, giving him cause to kill the king.
Function of Motivation
In literature, motivation is used to connect the conduct and moves of a man or woman with the events of the story. Motivation serves because the logical cause of what a person does, which is important for the readers and audiences to apprehend the causes of a character’s actions. The core dreams of characters lead the manner to all actions in storytelling.
Sometimes motivations of characters exchange with the development of the story. With a trade within the motivation, the individual modifications too. For powerful characterization, unified and dominant motivation is inevitable. Great characters have exceptional motivations. These characters educate a few exact or awful moral training to the readers and the audiences. The readers and audiences get extra inquisitive about inspired characters and apprehend those motivations, which make or wreck societies.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw