Inversion, also recognised as “anastrophe,” is a literary technique in which the regular order of words is reversed, as a way to gain a specific impact of emphasis or meter.
Inversion is finished by means of doing the following:
Placing an adjective after the noun it qualifies, g. The soldier strong
Placing a verb before its concern g. Shouts the policeman
Placing a noun earlier than its preposition g. Worlds between
In the English language, there are inversions that are a part of its grammar structure, and are quite not unusual in their use. For instance, inversion continually happens in interrogative statements in which verbs, or auxiliaries, or supporting verbs are placed before their subjects. Similarly, inversion happens in ordinary exclamatory sentences in which gadgets are located earlier than their verbs and subjects, and preceded by using a wh- word, such as the subsequent examples of inversion:
What a stunning photo it is!
Where inside the world have been you!
How terrific the climate is today!
Examples of Inversion in Literature
Apart from the above-mentioned commonplace inversions, some unusual inversions are employed in literature with the aid of writers, for you to attain some unique inventive effects.
Example #1: Romeo and Juliet (By William Shakespeare)
It become a common practice in the days of William Shakespeare to apply inversions. Look at an instance of inversion from Romeo and Juliet, Act 1, Scene 5:
“Her mom is the lady of the house,
And a good female, and wise and virtuous.
I nursed her daughter which you talked withal.
I tell you, he which could lay maintain of her,
Shall have the chinks.”
Example #2: Macbeth (By William Shakespeare)
Here is another example of inversion from Shakespeare’s Play Macbeth:
MACBETH: “If’t be so, For Banquo’s issue have I fil’d my mind,
For them the gracious Duncan have I murther’d,
Put rancors inside the vessel of my peace
Only for them, and mine eternal jewel
Given to the common enemy of man,
To make them kings -the seed of Banquo kings!
Rather than so, come, Fate, into the list,
And champion me to the utterance!”
The inversions within the above lines serve to spotlight the struggle in Macbeth’s mind after he had killed Duncan. The struggle changed into main him to insanity gradually.
Example #3: Kubla Khan (By Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
Inversion examples are more not unusual in poetry than in prose. Inversion creates meter and rhyme inside the strains. Coleridge makes use of inversion artistically in his renowned poem Kubla Khan:
“In Xanadu did Kubla Khan
A stately pleasure-dome decree:
Where Alph, the sacred river, ran
Through caverns measureless to man
Down to a sunless sea.
So twice 5 miles of fertile ground
With walls and towers had been girdled round;
And there have been gardens brilliant with sinuous rills,
Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree;
And here had been forests ancient because the hills,
Enfolding sunny spots of greenery.”
The inversions decorate the creative impact of the poem.
Example #4: Huckleberry Finn (By Mark Twain)
Read the following lines from William Wordsworth’s poem Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood:
“To me alone there came a idea of grief:
A well timed utterance gave that concept relief,
And I once more am strong:
The cataracts blow their trumpets from the steep…”
Example #5: Adonais (By Percy Bysshe Shelley)
Shelly describes his favourite literary and political personality, Milton, within the following strains:
“Blind, antique, and lonely, when his country’s pride,
The priest, the slave, and the liberticide,
Trampled and mocked with many a loathed rite…”
The inverted syntax in the above strains aids the poet to lay an emphasis, and highlight the distinct traits of John Milton even more.
Example #6: Love in Jeopardy (By Humbert Wolfe)
Similarly, in the poem Love in Jeopardy, by way of Humbert Wolfe, there is an inversion of an unusual kind. He wrote:
“Here with the aid of the rose-tree
they planted once
of Love in Jeopardy
an Italian bronze.”
Here, the poet attempts to produce an historical effect, as he's describing an vintage statue within the poem.
Function of Inversion
Like all literary devices, the main feature of inversion in prose or poetry is to help writers reap stylistic effect, like laying an emphasis on a particular point, or converting the focal point of the readers from a specific point. In poetry, inversions are regularly used to create rhythm, meter, or rhyming scheme inside the traces.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw