Hypotaxis is subordination of one clause to another, or whilst the clauses are coordinated or subordinated to one another within sentences. Hypotaxis is described as a grammatical arrangement of constructs that work inside the equal way, however which play unequal roles in a sentence. It allows in defining the precise that means of a clause. The example is given in these traces, in which the second line modifies the phrase “clod of clay.”
“So sang a bit Clod of Clay,
Trodden with the cattle’s feet”
(The Clod and the Pebble, by means of William Blake)
Difference Between Hypotaxis and Parataxis
Parataxis is opposite of hypotaxis. In parataxis, the sentences, clauses, and phrases are not coordinated or subordinated. Such as, “Veni, vidi, vici” or, “I came, I saw, I conquered.” (Life of Caesar, by means of Plutarch). However, in hypotaxis, the phrases, clauses, or sentences are coordinated or subordinated.
Examples of Hypotaxis in Literature
Example #1: Mrs. Bridge (By Evan S. Connell)
“One December morning near the stop of the 12 months whilst snow changed into falling wet and heavy for miles all round, in order that the earth and the sky had been indivisible, Mrs. Bridge emerged from her domestic and spread her umbrella.”
The ultimate clauses give an explanation for the first/primary clause. These subordinated clauses help in recounting the character idea expressed within the beginning.
Example #2: Democracy (By Joan Didion)
“Let the reader be brought to Joan Didion, upon whose person and doings lots will depend of whatever hobby these pages may additionally have, as she sits at her writing table in her personal room in her personal residence on Welbeck Street.”
In the above excerpt, the principle clause talks about a person named Joan Didion. The closing clauses subordinate the primary description and amplify the primary idea.
Example #3: Notes of a Native Son (By James Baldwin)
“When I was around 9 or ten I wrote a play which become directed by using a young, white schoolteacher, a woman, who then took an interest in me, and gave me books to read, and, a good way to corroborate my theatrical bent, decided to take me to peer what she extremely tactlessly mentioned as ‘real’ plays…”
The creator places emphasis on a particular play, which he wrote in his childhood, and he further explains it in the coordinated clauses. All different descriptions highlight the main idea. Hypotaxis also helps here in making clean what the readers must be focusing on.
Example #4: The Ring of Time (By E. B. White)
“After the lions had lower back to their cages, creeping angrily thru the chutes, a bit bunch of us drifted away and into an open doorway nearby, wherein we stood for some time in semi-darkness watching a massive brown circus horse cross harumphing around the practice ring…”
This excerpt is about animals, particularly lion and horse. Here, the complete passage is primarily based at the description and surrounding of the stated animals. Hypotaxis enables in giving this piece of writing special attention and an emotional touch.
Example #5: Ode To A Nightingale (By John Keats)
“O, for a draught of antique! That hath been
Cool’d a long age in the deep-delved earth,
Tasting of Flora and the u . S . A . green,
Dance, and Provencal song, and sunburnt mirth!
O for a beaker complete of the nice and cozy South,
Full of the true, the blushful Hippocrene,
With beaded bubbles winking at the brim,
And purple-stained mouth;
That I might drink, and leave the arena unseen,
And with thee fade away into the wooded area dim…”
The speaker longs for a drink of antique wine in this extract. The first line expresses this longing. All the remaining traces are subordinated to this primary idea, to present more data and discuss in in addition detail.
Function of Hypotaxis
Writers use hypotaxis when they want to deliver logical, causal, or temporal relationships within the clauses in a sentence. Hypotactic writing is used effectively as a device for argument and persuasion. Also, it's far used to express character and related thoughts via the usage of subordinate clauses. The subordinate clauses help in amplifying a vital idea. This writing style enables in providing a super deal of information and background approximately the subject at hand. Hypotactic writing style heavily depends upon complicated and complex sentences to provide an explanation for thoughts and mind in detail.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw