Frame tale is a tale set within a story, narrative, or movie, told by means of the main or the supporting character. A man or woman starts offevolved telling a tale to different characters, or he sits down to write a tale, telling the details to the audience. This approach is also known as a “frame narrative,” and is a totally popular form of literary approach hired in storytelling and narration.
Frame tale typically is observed in novels, plays, poems, television, films, musicals, and opera. It is a unifying story within which one or extra related stories seem. For instance, in Homer’s Odyssey, Odysseus tells approximately his wandering enjoy in the courtroom of King Alcinous, or his visit to the island of a sorcerer.
Examples of Frame Story in Literature
Example #1: Frankenstein (by using Marry Shelley)
There are several examples of this technique utilized by Marry Shelley in her novel, Frankenstein. She has given more than one framed memories on this novel. For example, Robert Walton describes a story – told via Frankenstein, – in his letters that he writes to his sister. Frankenstein’s story consists of the tale of a creature, and the creature’s tale briefly includes the tale of the family with which he has been living.
Example #2: Inception (via Christopher Nolan)
In the film, Inception, Leonardo DiCaprio enters into a dream of Cillian Murphy to embed an concept into his subconscious. Leonardo places him to sleep in a dream, following him to a 2d layer of dream that soon gives manner to another dream. In the innermost dream, Leonardo is blown out and enters into an limitless dream – “limbo” – which should final for eternity, but only some seconds bypass in a real world. Leonardo, sooner or later wakes up via layers of dreams, feeling as even though years have exceeded away, returning to his waking life.
Example #3: Titanic (by using James Cameron)
In the movie, Titanic, an elderly woman Rose starts offevolved the film with the aid of telling a story of her voyage inside the Atlantic Ocean. When the reader gets into her narrative, he unearths himself inside the yr 1912, wherein the tale begins. Only a few instances do readers return to the elderly Rose to get in contact with her experience; however, the film ends as it begins. This is known as framing technique in which the author tells a story within a tale.
Example #4: The Canterbury Tales (with the aid of Geoffrey Chaucer)
In Canterbury Tales, Geoffrey Chaucer has used frame narrative, bringing one of a kind characters, every of whom tells a story. This pilgrimage body story brings together a number of storytellers, who appear with vivid persona traits, and build up dramatic relationships with each other and with the tales they tell. General Prologue is the section of this poem that deals with body narrative.
Example #5: (Wuthering Heights (by Emily Bronte)
Wuthering Heights, like Frankenstein, additionally has body stories. Emily Bronte introduces Mr. Lockwood because the first narrator, who depicts his go to to the Wuthering Heights, and the narration switches to the perspective of Mr. Dean, who describes the estate’s history. Readers are added to all the foremost characters.
This switching in narration could be very helpful, as it connects the existing with the past. Mr. Lockwood tries to find out what may want to have happened in the past that made the modern-day dwellers of the property depressed and stubborn. Mrs. Dean, however, offers statistics about the past, which brought about the characters to transform on this manner.
Example #6: Heart of Darkness (by using Joseph Conrad)
In Conrad’s novel, Heart of Darkness, there are two narrators: (1) the anonymous passenger traveling on a satisfaction ship, listening to the tale of Marlowe; and (2) Marlowe himself. The first narrator, on the behalf of four different passengers, uses the first individual plural. Marlowe, on the opposite hand, narrates his story in first individual, describing something he has seen and experienced. This provides a commentary at the complete story, acting as a body story.
Function of Frame Story
This literary method uses embedded narratives, which provide readers with a context about the principle narrative. Frame story leads the readers from the first story to the other one. This is a form of guidance, which establishes the context for an embedded narrative, helping the writer to create a context for deciphering a narrative. It also offers more than one views to the readers inside a story, as well as about the tale. These more than one perspectives deliver the readers greater information about the characters regarding their feelings, thoughts, and motivations.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw