Definition of Epic
The phrase epic is derived from the Ancient Greek adjective, “epikos”, which means a poetic tale. In literature, an epic is a long narrative poem, which is normally associated with heroic deeds of someone of an unusual braveness and unprecedented bravery. In order to depict this bravery and courage, the epic uses grandiose fashion.

The hero is typically the consultant of the values of a sure culture, race, state or a religious group on whose victor of failure the future of the entire kingdom or organization depends. Therefore, certain supernatural forces, deus ex machina, help the hero, who comes out victor on the end. An epic typically begins with an invocation to muse, but then choices up the threads of the story from the center and moves on to the end.

Difference Between an Epic and a Ballad
A ballad and an epic both are poems, which narrate stories. However, a ballad is shorter in period than an epic, while it's far composed to be sung on a few occasions, and not narrated. They are also called folks ballads as well as popular ballads. Most of the ballads have unknown beginning and supply and generally pass on orally from generations to generations. On the opposite hand, an epic poem tells a story, however about the heroic ideals of a particular society. The real distinction between the 2 is the length and the reality that one is usually intended to be sung, whilst the other is to be narrated. Both vary in fashion wherein a ballad is composed in a easy language, whilst an epic demonstrates mastery in style together with Paradise Lost.

Examples of Epic from Literature
The Epic of Gilgamesh (~2000 BCE)
Perhaps, the Epic of Gilgamesh is the first example of an epic. It tells the tale of the lifestyles of an Assyrian king, Gilgamesh. Like all different epics, the narrative of this epic revolves around the themes related to gods, human beings, mortality, legacy and seduction. Like different epics, it is also composed in a grand fashion. Gilgamesh is a young conceited king because of his being half-god and half-human. His energy and masculine beauty becomes a steady supply of trouble for others. Therefore, gods grow sick of Gilgamesh’s smug and difficult attitude and decide to teach him a lesson. He is made to fight his antagonist, Enkidu, after which cross on a long adventure to bring the plant of life — a journey on which he learns the classes of lifestyles. Although the epic is written nearly 4,000 years ago, critics are unanimous that it's miles a human paintings.

The Iliad (800 BCE)
Iliad is some other instance of an epic. It turned into written with the aid of the popular Greek poet, Homer. It relates the story of the Trojan wars, concerning topics of braveness, boldness, love for one’s country and nostalgia of family. However, it describes many legends related to the siege of Troy, the events happened earlier than the siege, the collection of the warriors prior to the siege and the reasons of the war. Later, the epic foretold the looming dying of Achilles and the destruction of Troy. The style of narration is grand, and fits an epic poem — the motive that it is still one the most celebrated paintings of antiquity.

Paradise Lost (1667)
Written on the same traditions however on a distinct subject, Paradise Lost, is an English epic by way of yet any other blind poet of English starting place, John Milton. It also is known colloquially because the Protestant Epic. In this epic, Milton argues Satan’s fall from the heaven in addition to Adam and Eve’s fall from the Garden of Eden. Despite his blindness, Milton did not forestall from explaining “the approaches of God to men.” He has depicted Satan as a highly complex character, who's at struggle with God. Despite his distinct subject, Milton has used several epic devices added by Homer consisting of invocation to the muse, prolonged similes and grand style.

Function of Epic
As the epic poem is the earliest form of poetry, it is the earliest form of entertainment as well. Epics were written to commemorate the struggles and adventures of kings and warriors. The main function of epic poetry become to elevate the popularity of the hero a number of the audiences to encourage them to be geared up to perform heroic actions. Epic obtained maximum of its subject matters from the exploits achieved by using mythical characters and their illustrious ancestors. That is why these exploits have become examples for others to follow, and still lived in books. It is thru epics, models of perfect heroic conduct had been furnished to the not unusual people. Moreover, epics also have been collections of ancient events now not recorded in common records books — the reason that they're examine these days to be enjoyed and be informed concerning the past.
Enumeration Epigram