An elision is the elimination of an unstressed syllable, consonants, or letters from a word or phrase, for the motive of reducing the range of letters or syllables when blending phrases together. The lacking letter is replaced with the aid of an apostrophe. Generally, the middle or quit letter or syllable is eliminated, or words are blended together, and an apostrophe is inserted.
Difference Between Contraction and Elision
By merely looking at contraction and elision examples, one would suppose the 2 are the same. However, there's a moderate distinction between them. Contraction is a more trendy term relating to the combination of two words to shape a shorter word. For instance, can’t is a contraction of “can” + “not,” that's a mixture of words. On the other hand, elision is a selected term. It is the omission of sounds, syllables, or phrases, and replacing them with an apostrophe. For instance, ne’er is an elided form of “never.” Similarly, gonna is an elision of the phrase “going to.”
Examples of Elision in Literature
Example #1: Rape of Lock (By Alexander Pope)
“What dire offence from am’rous reasons springs,
What mighty contests upward push from trivial things,
I sing—This verse to Caryl, Muse! Is due:
This, ev’n Belinda may vouchsafe to view…
Say what bizarre motive, Goddess! should compel
A well-bred lord t’assault a mild belle?
O say what stranger cause, yet unexplor’d,
Could make a mild belle reject a lord…
Sol thro’ white curtains shot a tim’rous ray,
And op’d the ones eyes that ought to eclipse the day;
Now lap-dogs deliver themselves the rousing shake…”
In this excerpt, Pope has elided several words, which includes amorous, that's elided into “am’rous,” even into “ev’n,” unexplored into “unexplor’d,” and similarly, thru and opened are shortened to maintain normal pentameter.
Example #2: Dr. Faustus (By Christopher Marlowe)
“Settle thy studies, Faustus, and begin
To sound the depth of that thou wilt profess:
Having commenc’d, be a divine in show,
Sweet Analytics, ’tis thou hast ravish’d me!
Is, to dispute well, logic’s chiefest stop?
Then read no more; thou hast attain’d that quit:
Be a physician, Faustus; heap up gold,
Why, Faustus, hast thou not attain’d that give up?
Whereby whole cities have escap’d the plague,
And thousand desperate maladies been cur’d?
The god thou serv’st is thine own appetite,
Wherein is fix’d the affection of Belzebub:
To him I’ll construct an altar and a church…”
Elision is hired flawlessly in Dr.Faustus. In this excerpt, the author has eliminated unstressed syllables a good way to supply a easy flow to the speech. The elided words are marked in bold.
Example #3: Tam O’Shanter (By Robert Burns)
“Whiles holding rapid his guid blue bonnet,
Whiles crooning o’er an auld Scots sonnet,
Whiles glow’ring spherical wi prudent cares,
Lest bogles trap him unawares:
Kirk-Alloway turned into drawing nigh,
Where ghaists and houlets nightly cry.”
In this excerpt, the elided phrases include “o’er” and “glow’ring“. The vowel “e” is removed and replaced with an apostrophe. Through elision the rhythm and meter of the poem is maintained.
Example #4: A Midsummer Night’s Dream (By William Shakespeare)
“But with thy brawls thou hast disturb’d our sport
The ox hath consequently stretch’d his yoke in vain,
The ploughman lost his sweat, and the inexperienced corn
Hath rotted ere his young people attain’d a beard;
And crows are fatted with the murrion flock;
The 9 men’s morris is fill’d up with mud…”
Here the phrase disturbed is elided into “disturb’d.” In a similar way, stretched, attained, and filled are elided.
Function of Elision
Usually used deliberately, elisions are frequently found in prose and poetry with the goal to maintain a normal meter, or to create float in iambic pentameter. Since a particular meter is required, elision is hired to reap the set range of syllables necessary to create flow in a piece. Several different languages use elision to reduce down the quantity of words or to improve the flow of speech.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw