Definition of Dystopia
Dystopia is a world in which the whole thing is imperfect, and the whole thing goes extraordinarily wrong. Dystopian literature indicates us a nightmarish photograph about what might manifest to the world within the close to future. Usually the main subject matters of dystopian works are rebellion, oppression, revolutions, wars, overpopulation, and disasters. On the opposite hand, utopia is an ideal world – precisely opposite of dystopia.

Characteristics of Dystopia
Generally, there may be no authorities, or if there's, it's far an oppressive and controlling authorities.
Either there's a large earnings hole among the bad and the rich, or all and sundry faces severe poverty.
Propaganda put forth via the government or ruling magnificence takes control of human minds.
Examples of Dystopia in Literature
Example #1: The Hunger Games (By Suzanne Collins)
Suzanne Collins depicts a dystopic world, Panem, in a futuristic society in her series, The Hunger Games. Consisting of a central authorities stated as “Capitol,” and 13 far off districts, Panem shows a version of dystopian society due to harsh separation and discrimination among the unkind Capitol and the poor, enslaved outlying districts.

We notice for the duration of the unconventional that Panem’s Capitol makes use of intimidation and violence to govern its humans living inside the Districts. It forces the districts to interact in “The Games” to put in force servitude beneath the guise of celebrating a lack of war. Though Capitol itself might appear utopian, because of an immoderate availability of opulent customer goods, its abundance of riches comes at the rate of the far flung Districts.

Example #2: 1984 (By George Orwell)
In his classic novel, 1984, George Orwell indicates a dystopian society. He has written this novel to explain the future, and the ways government takes advantage of recent technologies for you to rule and manipulate the human beings. The main character, Winston Smith, falls in a entice in which Big Brother, a leader of the birthday celebration continually watches him and other low-grade individuals of that society.

Inner party members live a lifestyles of luxury, while outer members live in dirty apartments. Besides, there's no emotional and intellectual freedom. The birthday party does no longer allow everybody to rebel, even by using their minds. We see violence everywhere in this dystopic society, and the bulk of humans are poor, which in addition proves it as a pleasant instance of dystopia. We notice everything is going decrepit, and its scenes are frequently dreary and dark.

Example #3: Brave New World (By Aldous Huxley)
Aldous Huxley, in his most difficult novel, Brave New World, depicts a futuristic society in which character sacrifices for the cause of state, technology controls and subjugates all types of history, and the humanities are outlawed. Shortly, this book perfectly fits into a classic shape of dystopian literature.

Huxley draws dystopia thru emotional and political events. He brings a dystopian setting by means of the point out of technology and better authorities. With the increased use of technology, the want for a human work pressure decreases, leaving them with a remarkable deal of depression. The novel explores the dark facet of an apparently a success world, wherein every body looks happy and contented with immoderate pleasures of technology, which they achieve by sacrificing their private freedoms.

Example #4: The Giver (By Lois Lowry)
Lois Lowry wrote a dystopian fiction, The Giver, due to the fact she idea it to be the exceptional manner to explicit her dissatisfaction approximately the unawareness of people about their dependence upon each other, their surroundings, and their environment. By the use of ironical situations of the utopian appearances, she exposes dystopian realities, so one can initiate readers to elevate questions, and price their individual identities and freedom.

In this novel, Jonas’ community has no starvation, poverty, lack of housing, unemployment, or prejudice, and the whole lot seems perfect. However, as the novel advances, Jonas receives insight into humans’s personal lives, and notices that they have got given up their individualities and freedoms. Besides, the network is a hypocrite conforming to false ideas and becoming a bad place in which to live.

Function of Dystopia
Through dystopia, authors express their concerns about troubles of humanity and society, and warn the humans about their weaknesses. Authors use dystopia as a literary technique to discuss reality, and depict issues that could happen inside the future. Thus, the role of dystopia in literary works is to educate and provide focus to the audience. Dystopias also serve as warnings approximately the cutting-edge state of affairs of a government, or of these in power. In dystopic writings, authors factor out the wrong-doings in a society or a system – the purpose that it is regularly called a critique.
Dysphemism Elegy