A couplet is a literary device that can be described as having successive rhyming strains in a verse, and has the same meter to form a complete thought. It is marked by way of a normal rhythm, rhyme scheme, and incorporation of specific utterances.
It may be an independent poem, and might be part of different poems, which include sonnets in Shakespearean poetry. If a couplet has the ability to stand apart from the rest of the poem, it's far independent, and hence it is called a “closed couplet.” A couplet that cannot render a proper that means on my own is referred to as an “open couplet.”
One of the generally used couplet examples are these traces from William Shakespeare’s Hamlet:
“The time is out of joint, O cursed spite
That ever I become born to set it right!”
Types of Couplets
Heroic Couplet (Closed and Open Couplets)
Examples of Couplet in Literature
Example #1: Sonnet III (By William Shakespeare)
“Look in thy glass, and tell the face thou viewest
Now is the time that face need to form another;
Whose sparkling repair if now thou no longer renewest,
Thou dost beguile the world, unbless a few mother,
For where is she so truthful whose unear’d womb…
But if thou stay, remember’d now not to be,
Die unmarried, and thine picture dies with thee.”
This is one of the Shakespearean sonnets that incorporates 14 strains; a couplet at the stop of the poem typically rhymes, and concludes the poem. These traces commonly provide observation on the theme.
Example #2: One Happy Moment (By John Dryden)
“O, no, negative suff’ring Heart, no Change endeavour,
Choose to sustain the smart, in preference to depart her;
My ravish’d eyes behold such charms about her,
I can die with her, but no longer stay without her:
One gentle Sigh of hers to see me languish,
Will extra than pay the fee of my past anguish…”
This excerpt is an instance of closed heroic couplets. The traces are following an iamb pentameter pattern. All the couplets are forming complete separate mind and ideas, and the rhyme scheme is perfect.
Example #3: Hero and Leander (By Christopher Marlowe)
“At Sestos Hero dwelt; Hero the fair,
Whom young Apollo courted for her hair,
And presented as a dower his burning throne,
Where she ought to sit down for men to gaze upon.
The outdoor of her garments have been of lawn,
The lining pink silk, with gilt stars drawn…”
This is another very good example of open heroic couplets, where the quit of every couplet is enjambed – its phrasal and syntactic experience is carried to the following lines. Or in poetic terms, it could be said that there is no caesura.
Example #4: An Essay on Criticism (By Alexander Pope)
“A little mastering is a dangerous thing;
Drink deep, or taste now not the Pierian spring:
There shallow draughts intoxicate the brain,
And drinking in large part sobers us again.
Fired at the beginning sight with what the Muse imparts,
In fearless kids we tempt the heights of arts…”
This excerpt is a good instance of closed heroic couplets. Here, all of the couplets make entire feel – which means they do now not deliver their feel into the following lines. Moreover, those couplets additionally rhyme.
Example #5: The Canterbury Tales (By Geoffrey Chaucer)
“Whan that aprill with his shoures soote
The droghte of march hath perced to the roote,
And bathed every veyne in swich licour
Of which vertu engendred is the flour;
Whan zephirus eek with his sweete breeth
Inspired hath in each holt and heeth
Tendre croppes, and the yonge sonne
Hath within the ram his halve cours yronne…”
This excerpt is an example of open heroic couplets that have iambic pentameter pattern. All the lines rhyme, they do not supply impartial meanings in a unmarried line, and the sense is carried to subsequent traces.
Function of Couplet
The rhyming couplets are normally used in poetry with a view to make a poem exciting and rhythmic. They help create a rhyming effect in a poem. In literature, Chaucer, Dryden, Pope and Shakespeare have been famous for using rhyming heroic couplets. In Arabic and Chinese literature, rhyming couplets have also been used extensively.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw