Catastrophe is a very last resolution that appears in a narrative plot or a protracted poem. It unravels the thriller or intrigue, and brings the story toward a logical end. In a tragedy, it could be the loss of life of a protagonist or different man or woman; and in a comedy, it is able to be the union of primary characters. Catastrophe is a synonym of denouement. It is, in fact, the final element following protasis, epitasis, and catatasis.
Catastrophe wraps up the messy and noisy beginning, which includes in Arthur Miller’s play, Death of a Salesman, in which catastrophe is brought on when the main man or woman, Willy Loman, dies in a car wreck, ostensibly committing suicide, in order that his own family could collect his life insurance. His widow says at his funeral that “Willy, I can’t cry … I made the remaining charge on the residence today…”
Types of Catastrophe
In a easy disaster, the main characters do no longer undergo any exchange, nor does anything get to the bottom of; the plot simply serves as a passage. Simple catastrophe usually seems in epic poems, instead of in tragedies.
Complex catastrophe is a very commonplace tool, wherein the protagonist both undergoes a prime alternate of fortune. This kind of alternate is likely and vital to resolving the plot. Complex disaster normally appears in novels, plays, movies, and theatrical performances.
Examples of Catastrophe in Literature
Example #1: Macbeth (by way of William Shakespeare)
“Despair thy charm;
And allow the angel whom thou nevertheless hast serv’d
Tell thee, Macduff changed into from his mom’s womb
The following strains present an ideal example of disaster, which involves the death of the primary individual. Macbeth falls in a mortal fight with Macduff, a man whom Macbeth has almost wronged. Here plainly he himself has invited his end.
Example #2: Mourning Becomes Electra (by means of Eugene O’Neil)
Eugene O’Neil’s play “Mourning Becomes Electra” carries a sequence of catastrophic events, beginning with the homicide of Ezra. Christine manipulates her lover Brant into assisting her kill her husband with poison. After his homicide, Lavinia and Orin discover Brant and shoot him with a pistol.
This disaster ends in another disaster, within the form of Christine’s suicide. Orin, consumed by a feel of guilt that he had driven their mom into killing herself, is going insane and commits suicide. Now Lavinia lives in a residence of her dead relatives’ ghosts, that's a punishment for what they have done.
Example #3: Romeo and Juliet (by using William Shakespeare)
There are more than one characters who invited disaster within the play “Romeo and Juliet.” However, Romeo himself has invited the worst type of catastrophe after he kills Tybalt. Everything in his and Juliet’s life crumbles after that; as a result, Romeo faces a length of exile, main to some of other catastrophic events. Had Romeo no longer killed Tybalt, Friar could have provided a much better plan to hide Juliet, instead of the use of poison.
The satisfactory scene of disaster takes place in Act-V, Scene-III, wherein the autumn of Paris and two lovers occurs. After the tragic end of the love scene, Friar tells approximately the wedding and intrigue. The tale ends with the dying of star-crossed fanatics.
Example #4: Oedipus Rex (by using Sophocles)
In Sophocles’ “Oedipus Rex,” peripeteia ends in anagnorisis, which in turns ends in catastrophe or a horrible suffering. Catastrophe famous the reality approximately the starting place of Oedipus, after which the Queen Jocasta hangs herself, and Oedipus stabs his eyes, pleading to be exiled. Together all these elements make up disaster that King Oedipus invites by using exploring his birth. Had he now not explored, he might have saved himself and his own family from this disaster.
Example #5: The Return of the Native (with the aid of Thomas Hardy)
Catastrophe in Hardy’s novel, The Return of the Native, comes at the point when Eustacia will become in the direction of her antique lover, Damon Wildeve; which ends up in the demise of Clym’s mother. It takes place whilst Clym is going blind, and the couple faces economic crisis. After this irritating length, Clym has a serious fight with his wife and the 2 separate. Eustacia plans to run away together with her lover in the night. However, there comes a heavy storm, which finally ends up drowning them.
The feature of a catastrophe is to get to the bottom of the plot in a story. It comes after the falling action. It, in fact, serves as a conclusion of the narrative, while the warfare in the story in query is resolved. Catastrophe returns the situation to normal, because the characters enjoy catharsis, and readers feel a experience of relief. Catastrophe is likewise a second while the protagonist faces the world with a new outlook. It assessments human qualities, and makes readers determine if the character is good or bad.
Popular Literary Devices
- Ad Hominem
- Deus Ex Machina
- Double Entendre
- Flash Forward
- Half Rhyme
- Internal Rhyme
- Line Break
- Non Sequitur
- Pathetic Fallacy
- Poetic Justice
- Point of View
- Red Herring
- Tragic Flaw