Definition of Anacoluthon
Anacoluthon is derived from the Greek word anakolouthos, which means “lacking collection.” It is a stylistic device defined as a syntactic deviation, and interruption within a sentence from one structure to another. In this interruption, the expected series of grammar is absent. The grammatical glide of sentences is interrupted in order to start extra sentences.

Characteristics of Anacoluthon
It is hired intentionally, unintentionally, or as a rhetorical device. In rhetoric, anacoluthon is also called a figure of disorder wherein the syntax of a sentence does now not correlate with whatever is expected. However, it should not to be mixed-up with hyperbaton, which also involves a trade within the everyday position of words, phrases, and sentences. Anacoluthon is the interruption inside a sentence from one production to another towards the predicted logical order of the sentence. This trade can arise inside a sentence or within the shape of tense.

Examples of Anacoluthon in Literature
Example #1: Ulysses (By James Joyce)
“… I ought to have delivered him in his breakfast in mattress with a piece of toast as long as I didnt do it at the knife for horrific luck or if the girl turned into going her rounds with the watercress and some thing quality and engaging there are some olives in the kitchen he would possibly like I by no means ought to endure the look of them in Abrines I should do the criada the room seems all right on the grounds that I changed it the other manner you see some thing become telling me all of the time I’d need to introduce myself now not knowing me from Adam very funny wouldn’t it …”

This is one example of anacoluthon in which movement of recognition makes its use easy. Since the mind aren't coherent, and shortage grammatical series, it makes readers stop and reflect onconsideration on sentence order.

Example #2: King Lear (By William Shakespeare)
“I can have such revenges on you both,
That all of the global shall—I will do such things,
What they are, yet I realize now not…”

In the above instance, King Lear talks about exacting revenge. However, he himself does now not recognize how he will exact revenge due to the fact he is in a harassed nation of mind. This excerpt may be taken into consideration as a very good anacoluthon example, as there may be interruption from one sentence to another, and such interruption is finished to attract the readers’ attention.

Example #3: A Portrait of Mabel Dodge (By Gertrude Stein)
“A plank that turned into dry turned into now not stressful the scent of burning and altogether there was the fine type of sitting there could never be all of the edging that the most important chair was having…”

In this case, Gertrude has deviated from one sentence to another. In the beginning, he talks approximately a plank and its odor. Then greater sentences are added, and the result is that the grammatical order is modified.

Example #4: The Walrus and the Carpenter (By Lewis Carroll)
“‘The time has come,’ the Walrus said,
‘To talk of many things:
Of shoes—and ships—and sealing-wax—
And cabbages—and kings—
And why the ocean is boiling hot—
And whether pigs have wings.'”

Here, Walrus declares to all listening oysters that the time has come to talk approximately many things. Following his assertion that “the ocean is boiling hot,” there's an interruption inside the grammatical waft of the sentences through a sudden change and insertion of conjunctions.

Function of Anacoluthon
The common use of anacoluthon is to imitate a idea or speech, and then shift the necessary facts toward the begin of the sentence. It is frequently used in literary writings and in casual speeches. In informal conversation, it is used in such a way that the sentence would now not be taken into consideration correct grammatically. In written works, however, it's miles employed to imitate ungrammatical, careworn, and informal speech, and to draw the eye of readers.

Anacoluthon is used considerably in poetry, plays, and dramatic monologues. In addition, this technique is well-suitable to the stream of consciousness writing fashion this is deliberate to signify thoughts in proximity to one another, because mind are not always constant and hardly ever grammatically accurate.
Anachronism Anadiplosis